河南板頭曲琵琶音樂之探析與詮釋

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2017

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在中國各地發展出不同的弦索樂種,特色濃厚的河南板頭曲便是其中之一,現已知有百餘首河南板頭曲。然而,在琵琶獨奏曲目中,河南板頭曲的運用,較廣為人知的卻僅有林石城編配的三首曲目。在2012年《中州曹派琵琶曲集錦》出版了二十三首曹東扶整理的河南板頭曲後,逐漸受到較多人重視。 本文探討河南板頭曲在琵琶曲的運用,因其風格濃厚的音樂特色,帶給琵琶不同的演奏技巧、韻味及音響效果。首先探討河南板頭曲的歷史與發展,研究音樂特色與當地方言的關聯性,整理其音樂特色。再聚焦在河南板頭素材在琵琶曲目發展的歷史、演奏方法與音樂特色,並揀選出八首河南板頭琵琶曲,最後進行整理與分析,試著藉此梳理出河南板頭素材琵琶曲的定位。 希望藉由本文的撰寫,能讓琵琶演奏者深入了解河南板頭曲的背景知識,掌握河南板頭曲琵琶音樂風格的演奏,並能夠幫助作曲家理解相關內容與音樂特色,創作出更多更優質的音樂作品。
In China to develop a different String of Music, the characteristics of strong Henan Bantou qu is one of the music, is now known to have more than 100 Henan Bantou qu. However, in the Pipa pieces, the use of Henan Bantou qu, more widely known but only Lin, Shi-Cheng allocated three tracks. In 2012, "Zhongzhou Cao Pipa Collection" published twenty-three Cao, Tung-Fu finishing Henan Bantou qu, gradually by more people attention. This study discusses the use of Henan Bantou qu in the Pipa pieces, because of its strong style of music features, to give the Pipa different techniques, timbres, and sound effects. First of all, it discusses the history and development of Henan Bantou qu, studies the relationship between music characteristics and local dialect, and arranges the music characteristics. And then focus on the Henan Bantou qu in the development of Pipa playing history, techniques and musical characteristics, and selected eight Henan Bantou qu Pipa pieces, and finally finishing and analysis, try to sort out the Henan Bantou qu Pipa pieces Positioning. It is hoped that by the writing of this study, it will let the Pipa players gain a better understanding of the background knowledge of Henan Bantou qu, master the performance of Henan Bantou qu Pipa pieces, and can help composers understand the relevant content and music characteristics, to create more High quality music works.

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琵琶, 河南板頭曲, 中州琵琶, 曹東扶, 林石城, Pipa, Henan Bantou qu, Zhongzhoupipa, Cao, Tung-Fu, Lin, Shi-Cheng

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