中國羽球運動員選材之研究

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2005

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本研究旨在探討中國羽球運動員選材之學說、方法與常模,並對羽球運動員選材的內容與專項素質進行分析研究,期能建立台灣地區羽球運動員選材的基本概念與理論,及建議台灣地區少年(9-14歲)羽球運動員選材檢視的項目內容與步驟之參考。 本研究採用文獻分析的方法進行研究,把中國有關運動員選材,尤其是羽球運動員選材的相關資料、文件、論文及期刊論著等加以整理分析,根據研究結果得到以下幾點結論與建議: 一、中國自從1980年積極發展科學化的運動員選材以來,已經建立 一 套理論基礎且具科學化特色的選材體系,並且有全國統一的 檢測內容項目與標準化的常模供比對參考。 二、中國羽球運動員選材的基本方法及步驟是以家族調查、體格調 查、鑑別發展程度與類型的確立、實際測試、評價分析等為模 式。 三、中國羽球運動員專項素質選材包括身體型態、身體機能、身體素 質、心理因素、遺傳因素、智力因素等六個種類。 四、本研究結果建議台灣地區少年(9-14歲)羽球運動員選材的模 式中,以智力因素和羽球專項技術之因素尤為重要。
The purpose of this study was to explore the theory, methodology, and normality of badminton-player choice in Mainland China, and to analyze the content and specific characteristic. We anticipate building up the fundamental generalization and theory of badminton player choice in Taiwan, and establishing the content and procedure of children and adolescent in the age range of 9-14 years. A meta-analysis was conducted to anaylze material, articles, dissertations, and papers on journals related to badminton-player choice in Mainland China. The conclusion showed that (a) The method of badminton players choice in Mainland China has been developed and built on the construction of exercise science since 1980. The testing items and normalization were supported to be referable. (b) The fundamental method and procedure were based on five steps: Family research, body profile research, motor development level and type identification, on-filed test, and evaluation. (c) The specific badminton-player choices were based on six items: Body profiles, body physiology, body characteristic, psychological factor, heredity factor, and intelligence factor. (d) The combination of intellectual factor and sport- specific skill on badminton-player choice of children and adolescent in the age range of 9-14 years in Taiwan was suggested.

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運動員選材, 專項素質選材, 羽球專項技術, Sport-Specific Characteristic On Badminton-Player Choice, Badminton Skill, Intellectual Factor

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