H. Rolston 的環境美學及其在環境教育上的意涵

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Department of Education,National Taiwan Normal University


In Taiwan, one of the goals of environmental education in primary and secondary school is to cultivate students' competence of environmental perceptual awareness and appreciating natural beauty. However, schools are usually more confined to recycling and learning of environmental knowledge. Environmental aesthetics can make educators understanding more about how to teach appreciation of natural beauty. This study uses literature analysis as the method to inquire Rolston's environmental aesthetics and its implications for environmental education. Rolston claims that whole natural is beautiful from the perspective of ecological system. Natural sciences allow us in finding the beauty of diversity and abundance of creature, aesthetic sense of ancient time and space, the beauty of organism's tininess, sublime and subtlety, the beauty of struggle for survival, and the beauty of endurance and regeneration. Furthermore, natural aesthetic appreciation involves miracle experience, sanctity, ultimate transcendence and creativity. Rolston's aesthetics are based on science and approach to religion finally, which fonn very unique environmental aesthetics. According to the result of review, this study indicates three implications on environmental education: 1. Teaching environmental perceptual awareness through integration of aesthetics and ethics. 2. Learning to appreciate natural beauty from the perspective of positive aesthetics. 3. To teach students discover natural beauty through knowledge of natural sCiences.