青少年對電視偶像劇之觀點研究:次文化的觀察

Abstract

本研究旨在瞭解青少年對電視偶像劇所傳遞出之真實觀點,並探討青少年同儕間自身觀察其行為與觀念是否受到電視偶像劇的影響,研究者並在其間作青少年次文化之觀察。 本研究以焦點團體法進行資料蒐集,共舉行三次座談達到資料飽和,座談地點為受訪對象就讀之北市某市立國中家政教室。受訪對象為三男四女,共計七名之青少年前期的國二學生,其背景符合收視電視偶像劇一年五部以上,且倆倆具有同儕好友之身分,其中研究者刻意納入一名不喜歡電視偶像劇之男生,企圖觀察同儕間的互動反應。研究工具包含訪談題綱、錄音(影)設備、訪談日誌與研究者本身。 依據本研究之目的,歸納研究的發現與結果如下: 一、青少年對於電視偶像劇所傳遞岀的真實觀點 (一)青少年對電視偶像劇的定義:電視偶像劇要有知名之偶像,其故事不管是相戀、單戀、外遇之愛情與友情故事都應具備合情合理之真實感,避免太夢幻的愛情、無意義的打鬥與鮮明的台客風。電視偶像劇應注重新鮮感、節奏明快、不拖泥帶水又適時帶有喜感之劇情,開頭要能吸引人,結局要精采而圓滿。至於播出集數至少廿集,每集長度六十或九十分鐘,但絕不可以歹戲拖棚。 (二)青少年注重之電視偶像劇特色:喜好有喜歡又知名的明星、不拖泥帶水又能感動的劇情、美麗的場景與漂亮的服飾烘托。厭惡台客風氣息的內容、對公式化情節的反感與拒絕難以理解的劇情。 二、同儕間自身觀察受電視偶像劇之影響 (一)收視起因歸納為無意間發現、被預(廣)告吸引與受朋友推薦。 (二)同儕間思想與行為上的改變則為羨慕劇中的生活、將對白變成口頭禪、購買劇中相關商品與以粉絲方式支持偶像。 三、青少年同儕間的次文化現象 (一)同儕互動中,可以發現具有主見的意見領袖影響性與特質及同儕對於所屬團體的認同與歸屬感。 (二)性別差異上,相對於女生對電視偶像劇的喜好,則男生多半仍熱衷於線上遊戲與電影。 四、不同世代間的差異觀點 受訪青少年不能認同家長強勢制止收視,又不具說服力的理由,且認為家長過於擔憂,為此青少年也衍生出因應對策。 根據研究結果,研究者對家庭教育實務工作者、青少年家長與未來研究等提出建議。
The purpose of this research is to investigate how adolescents view TV trendy dramas, and whether the behavior and perception of their peers were influenced by such dramas. The adolescents’ subculture was also observed through this research. Data were collected using the focus group discussion method during three interviews with the subjects. The venue of the interviews was one of the home economics classrooms in a junior high school in Taipei city. There were seven 8th grade interviewees in total: three boys and four girls. They watched more than five TV trendy dramas annually. Research tools include interview outlines, video/audio equipment, and interview itinerary. The results of this research were: 1. The definition of TV trendy drama by adolescents was: there has to be famous pop idols in these TV trendy dramas. the stories have to be realistic and logical, void of excessive romantic fantasies, meaningless fights, and loud local gaudiness. These dramas should be refreshing, quick tempos, neat and comic plots, as well as intriguing openings and happy endings. There should be at least twenty episodes for each drama, and the length of each episode should last sixty or ninety minutes, but never should there be redundant plots to prolong the story. 2. The adolescents began to watch these dramas because of random channel-browsing, attraction of preview clips/ advertisements, or recommendation from friends. There were also changes of thoughts and behaviors among their peers. 3. The sub-cultural phenomenon among adolescents and their peers were: (1) the personal traits of strong-minded leaders influence the rest of the group, while these adolescents develop their recognition and sense of belongingness through these interactions; (2) girls are fond of TV trendy dramas, whereas boys are mostly passionate about online games and movies. 4. The interviewed adolescents regarded it unacceptable that their parents forbid them to watch TV. They also believed that their parents were over-concerned. However, the adolescents had developed ways to deal with the situation. Suggestions were provided by the researcher result.

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Keywords

家庭教育, 電視偶像劇, 青少年, 青少年次文化, 同儕, family education, TV trendy drama, adolescent, adolescent subculture, peer

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