日治時代台灣社會中的基督教長老教會:從三教的角度了解處境化的實踐

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2023

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Abstract

在台灣,長老教會目前是最大的基督教教派;但似乎其地位和重要性多被聚焦在政治和神學層面,對於文化或歷史觀點的關注相對較少。因此,這篇論文嘗試運用文本,以文本分析為基礎,以探索可能與過去觀點有所不同的見解。此外,由於基督教在台灣相對於其社會是一個外來宗教,所以傳教士和神職人員在介紹該宗教時的主要挑戰之一是處境化的過程;即如何將本地的儒家、佛教和道教的思想和人物轉化為傳福音的材料。這一方面也將是本研究的重要探討點。通過綜合上述方法獲得的結果,這篇論文旨在探討日治時期台灣長老教會的發展和傳播,以及它對台灣社會所帶來的變革。
The Presbyterian Church is currently the largest Christian de-nomination in Taiwan; however, its status and importance seem to be more focused on political and theological aspects, with little atten-tion given to cultural or historical perspectives. Therefore, this the-sis attempts to texts, utilizing text analysis as a foundation to gain insights that may differ from past perspectives.Moreover, since Christianity is a foreign religion in Taiwan rela-tive to its society, one of the main challenges for missionaries and clergies during its introduction was the process of contextualization; that is, how to transform local Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism ideas and figures into materials for evangelism. This aspect will also be a key point of investigation in this study.By synthesizing the results obtained from the aforementioned approaches, this thesis aims to explore the development and dissem-ination of the Presbyterian Church in Taiwan during the Japanese co-lonial period, and the changes it brought to Taiwan's civil society.

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長老教會, 處境化, 日治時代, Presbyterian Church, Contextualization, Japanese colonial period

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