全國高級中等學校啦啦隊隊員目標取向之研究

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2006

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本研究旨在探討全國高級中等學校啦啦隊隊員之目標取向。以九十四年度中等學校啦啦隊錦標賽之參賽學校隊員共426人為研究對象。研究工具為季力康(1994)所編製的「運動目標取向量表」,經由預試修訂而成的「全國高級中等學校啦啦隊運動成就目標取向問卷」,藉以測量選手在運動情境中,工作取向與自我取向的特質傾向與差異情形。問卷分為二個部份:第一部份為啦啦隊隊員成就目標取向量表;第二部份為受試者基本資料。所得資料運用描述統計(Descriptive Statistics)、t考驗(T-test)、單因子多變項變異數分析(one-way MANOVA)等統計方法加以分析。本研究獲得結果以下:(1)整體而言,啦啦隊隊員成就目標取向偏重在工作取向;(2)就工作取向而言,不同學校屬性、組訓類型與教練專長的啦啦隊隊員呈現顯著差異;(3)就自我取向而言,不同學校區域的啦啦隊隊員呈現顯著差異。
The purpose of this research was to discuss National Senior High School cheerleading athletes achievement orientation in sport. In this paper, cheerleading participating in senior-high school cheerleading championship would be the research samples. References were based on The Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire completed by Li-Kang Chi, which was designed to assess individual differences in the proneness for task and ego involvement in athletic settings. The questionnaire would be divided into two parts: the first part was the Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire, the second part was subjects’ personal information, which would be analyzed by the method of Descriptive Statistics, T-test, one-way MANOVA, etc. The results were as follows: (1) Cheerleading athletes achievement goal orientation in sport emphasizes on task-orientation. (2) Significant differences in school attributions, varieties of organizing-training and supervisors’ expertise of task orientation of cheerleading. (3)Significant differences in the spects of ego orientation of cheerleading.

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啦啦隊, 成就目標取向, 自我取向, 工作取向, cheerleading, achievement goal orientation, ego orientation, task orientation

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