大專院校校園安全管理與學生校園安全氣氛知覺研究-以新北市技術學院為例

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2016

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本研究大專院校校園安全管理與學生校園安全氣氛知覺研究-以新北市技術學院為例,以自編「校園安全管理」及「校園安全氣氛知覺」研究調查問卷為研究工具,量化研究採立意抽樣,以新北市五所技術學院的學生為調查對象,實際回收有效樣本745 份,調查問卷除個人基本資料外,另外包含「校園安全管理」及「校園安全氣氛知覺」兩部分,綜合問卷調查歸納主要結論如下 一、學生其「校園安全管理」現況同意程度呈現「中高」情形且向度分數排序由高至低依次為「設備與維護」、「危機處理」、「服務與措施」。 二、學生其「校園安全氣氛知覺」現況同意程度呈現「中高」情形且向度分數排序由高至低依次為「安全支持」、「被害恐懼」、「安全感受」及「環境知覺」。 三、不同個人背景變項(性別、曾否參加安全教育訓練、曾否發生校園受害經驗)之學生對於「校園安全管理」三向度及整體有顯著差異之情形。 四、不同個人背景變項(性別、曾否參加安全教育訓練、曾否發生校園受害經驗)之學生對於「校園安全氣氛知覺」四向度及整體有顯著差異之情形。 五、學校背景變項對於「校園安全氣氛知覺」方面,在「環境知覺」、「被害 恐懼」、「安全感受」三向度及整體上有顯著差異。 六、「校園安全管理」中「設備與維護」、「服務與措施」、「危機處理」皆 為顯著預測因素,對於「校園安全氣氛知覺」均有預測力。 七、學生不同背景變項、學校不同背景變項及「校園安全管理」皆為顯著預測 因素,均能夠預測「校園安全氣氛知覺」。
The research topic was the relationship between Campus Security Management of colleges and Perception of Campus Safety Climate of college students. The study samples were consisted of lnstitute of Technology in New Taipei City of Taiwan, and the researcher used two kinds of self-designed instruments: Campus Security Management Scale and Perception of Campus Safety Climate Scale as research questionnaire to investigate the performances with college students' background variables. Purposive sampling method was adapted, and there were 745 effective samples left. The main findings of the present study were summarized as follows: 1. The college students showed "middle-high" agreements with the utility of Campus Security Management, and the CSM scale revealed three dimensions including Maintenance of Equipment, Management of Crisis, and Measure of Service. 2. The college students showed "middle-high" performances at Perception of Campus Safety Climate, and the PCSC scale revealed four dimensions including Support of Security, Fear of Victimization, Sentience of Safety, and Consciousness of Environment. 3. The background variables including gender, the education and training about safety, and the experience of victimization, all of them revealed significant differences in the three dimensions of campus safety management. 4. The background variables of students including gender, the education and training about safety, and the experience of victimization, all of them revealed significant differences in the four dimensions of the perception of campus safety climate. 5. The background variables of school including Environmental consciousness, Fear of Victimization, Safe Sentience, reveal significant differences in the perception of three dimensions and the campus safety climate. 6. There was a predictive effect of Campus Safety Management to Perception of Campus Safety Climate. Three dimension of Campus Safety Management including Maintenance of Equipment, Management of Crisis, and Measure of Service had significant predictive power. 7. Variables of school background, college students' personal background, and Campus Safety Management could significant predict Perception of Campus Safety Climate.

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校園安全管理, 校園安全氣氛知覺, Campus Security Management, Perception of Campus Safety Climate

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