桃園縣公立國民中學學生使用電腦的態度之研究

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2008

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本研究旨在探討桃園縣公立國民中學學生使用電腦的態度之情況,與不同個人背景變項、不同電腦使用經驗變項及不同家庭電腦環境經驗變項的國民中學學生使用電腦的態度之差異情形。經由文獻探討後,使用問卷調查法,以分層叢集隨機抽樣的方式,針對桃園縣公立國民中學學生為調查對象,回收問卷1489份,回收有效問卷1400份,可用率為94.02%。使用次數分配、百分比、平均數、標準差、獨立樣本t考驗、單因子變異數分析及Scheffé法進行事後比較等統計方法加以分析及考驗。經由研究結果可以發現: 一、桃園縣公立國民中學學生使用電腦的態度偏向「正向」。 二、在個人背景變項方面,男生使用電腦的態度顯著優於女生;「中家庭社經地位」與「高家庭社經地位」比「低家庭社經地位」有顯著較佳之使用電腦的態度。 三、在電腦使用經驗變項方面,學習電腦時間越長的學生有較佳使用電腦的態度;每星期使用電腦的時間愈長的學生有較佳之使用電腦的態度。 四、在家庭電腦環境變項方面,家中「有電腦」、「有上網設備」、「有電腦書籍或雜誌」及「有討論電腦對象」比沒有者有顯著較佳之使用電腦的態度。 最後,綜合本研究所獲得的研究發現及結論,提出對教育主管機關、相關教育人員、家長、學生與未來後續研究之建議。
The purpose of this study is to understand the attitude towards using computers for students in public junior high school in Taoyuan. This study takes the writer’s questionnaire survey as a study tool. 1489 junior high school students are interviewed and 1400 relevant copies are collected. The data of the survey is processed by SPSS statistics software. The statistical methods of mean, standard deviation, t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Scheffé method are used to verify hypotheses. Based on the data analysis, the outcomes of this study were list as follows: 1. The attitude towards using computers for students is high degree. 2. Different personal background variables, such as “Gender” and “Social and economic status of family”, have significant difference on the attitude towards using computers. 3. Different background variable of using computer experiences: Students thatspend more time learning computer have higher attitude towards using computers. Besides, Students that often use computers in a week have higher attitude towards using computers. 4. The junior high school students that have computers at home ,can use The Internet, have books about computers and have somebody to discuss about computers have higher attitude towards using computers. From the above findings and conclusions, some suggestions can be made as reference for educational administrative institutions, school administration, junior high school tutorships, and further study in the future.

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使用電腦的態度, 電腦態度, 桃園縣, 公立國民中學, Attitude towards using computers, Computer attitude, Taoyuan, Junior high school

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