自行車參與者休閒涉入與休閒效益之研究

Abstract

自行車參與者休閒涉入與休閒效益之研究 摘要 本研究旨在瞭解自行車參與者的休閒涉入與休閒效益之研究,藉以提供自行車參與者、自行車相關單位與各地方政府活動規劃時之重要參考依據與建議。本研究採用問卷調查法進行資料的收集與分析。研究對象為台中縣市、彰化縣、南投縣等中部四個縣市,以隨機取樣的方式抽取樣本。共發出600份、回收553份有效問卷,有效問卷回收率達92.17%。研究工具係採「自行車參與者休閒涉入與休閒效益調查問卷表」在休閒涉入部分計14題,包括吸引力、生活中心性、自我表現三個構面。休閒效益部分包括生理部分、心理部分、社交部分與心智部分等四個效益構面。資料分析包括描述性統計、探索性因素分析、t檢定、單因子雙異數分析、雪費爾事後比較與典型相關等方法。謹將重要結論摘述如后:一、受試者背景變項在自行車活動涉入方面計有:性別、居住地點、參與時間等自變項,在問卷反應的差異上達顯著水準;而婚姻狀況、年齡、個人收入等部份則部份顯著差異,但在教育程度,則無顯著差異。二、受試者背景變項在自行車活動休閒效益面計有:性別、個人收入、居住地、參與時間等自變項,在問卷反應的差異上達顯著水準;年齡、教育程度則無顯著差異,在婚姻狀況則有部分差異性。三、自行車的休閒涉入與休閒效益在典型相關分析中獲得支持。綜上,本研究建議:研究對象可擴大到各縣市或特定族群,研究工具可增加其它量表,讓自行車活動整個研究能夠更完整。 關鍵字:自行車活動、休閒涉入、休閒效益
A Study on Bicycling Participants’ Recreation Involvement and Recreation Benefit Abstract The purpose of this study was to understand the correlation between the recreation involvement and recreation benefit of the participants of bicycle activities. The results would be provided as references and suggestions for the bicycling participants, bicycling-related institution and local governments to plan bicycle activity. The study was conducted through questionnaires and the participants were all randomly selected from Taichung City, Taichung County, Changhua County, and Nantou County. Among 600 questionnaires, there were 553 with a ratio of 92.17% valid samples. The instrument of the study was “Bicycling Participants’ Recreation Involvement and Recreation Benefit Questionnaire,” which comprised recreation involvement and recreation benefit sections. In recreation involvement section, there were totally fourteen questions under the following three subcategories: attraction, life centrality, and self performance. The section of recreation benefit included physiological, psychological, social, and mental parts. All valid questionnaires were further analyzed with descriptive statistics, exploratory factor analysis, t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Scheffe’s test comparison afterwards. The results were as the followings. First, according to the responses on the questionnaires, some participants’ background variables in bicycling involvement like gender, residence, and time of participation achieved significant difference. The variables like marriage, age, and personal income showed partial significant difference and there was no significant difference on educational levels. Secondly, in the aspect of recreation benefit, there was significant difference on the participants’ background variables like gender, personalincome, residence, and time of participation. However, it showed no significant differences on age and educational level, and there was partial significant difference on marriage status. Third, the correlation between participants’ recreation involvement and recreation benefit in bicycling activities were highly supported in the present study. In sum, the present study suggested that future studies could try to enlarge the number of sampling or apply other measuring scales to make bicycling related studies more complete. Keywords:Bicycle activity, recreation involvement, recreation benefit

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Keywords

自行車活動, 休閒涉入, 休閒效益, bicycle activity, recreation involvement, recreation benefit

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