國小女性教師國外自助旅行之體驗學習

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2006

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中文摘要 本研究旨在探討國小女性教師自助旅行的體驗學習,詳細的研究目的為:第一、國小女性教師國外自助旅行的動機;第二、國小女性教師國外自助旅行的體驗;第三、國小女性教師國外自助旅行之體驗學習對於教學場域的影響;第四、國小女性教師國外自助旅行之體驗學習對於其他生活層面之影響。根據研究目的,本研究首先蒐集、統整相關文獻,包括成人經驗學習理論、自助旅行的內涵以及女性的休閑體驗相關研究,之後選取四位個案,採質性研究取向,進行半結構式的深度訪談,以及綜合性的分析探討。歸納研究結果產生以下結論: 一、國小女性教師自助旅行者喜愛自己安排旅行的原因為追求掌握感及自由感,也因此對於隨團的旅行方式有諸多的不適應。 二、旅行體驗的架構,包括教育的體驗、逃避現實的體驗、娛樂的體驗及審美的體驗,此四種體驗會隨著自助旅行者的心情狀態而有所變化。 三、國小女性教師從事自助旅行時的勝任感來自於二個層面,包括旅行前的規劃和障礙,以及旅行中的挑戰;克服障礙和挑戰之後的勝任感,是對自身能力的肯定。 四、Kolb的經驗學習圈並不適用於所有的成年自助旅行者,因為並非所有的受訪者都能完成經驗學習圈的四個階段。 五、國小女性教師不會將深層的想法與學生分享,但是會將不需反思的旅行見聞轉化為教材當作上課輔助教材。 六、國小女性教師自助旅行之後,與自我的連結更為加深,價值觀也會有所改變,在職場及與人的相處具有更開闊的心態。 最後依據研究結果針對國小女性教師、政府相關單位及未來研究提出相關建議。 關鍵字:國小女性教師、國外自助旅行、經驗學習、體驗學習、女性休閒
Abstract The thesis aims to explore the motivations and the experiences of elementary school female teachers backpacking abroad as well as the various influences on their teaching and daily life after backpacking. According to a review of the literature concerning the studies of the experiential learning of adult, the theories of the backpacking and the analysis of the women’s leisure experiences, a series of interviews were undertaken. The analysis and the presentation of the interview data were then discussed. The intention is to dissect the views held by interviewees, four elementary school female teachers loving to backpack abroad, on their experiential learning from backpacking abroad. Description and analysis of these interviewees’ statements suggest that the experiences in backpacking abroad were interpreted in different aspects by interviewees, particularly in the perception of the combination of freedom, self-dependence, and the inner experiences rising from the journey. The analysis also illustrates the diversity of the interviewees’ motivations and the applications of the backpacking abroad experiences especially connecting with their daily work and life. The conclusion reviews the research findings and offers related suggestions. Issues for further research are finally put forward. Key words:backpacking abroad, experiential learning, female teachers, elementary school, women leisure.

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國小女性教師, 國外自助旅行, 經驗學習, 體驗學習, 女性休閒, backpacking abroad, experiential learning, female teachers, elementary school, women leisure

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