攝影拼貼應用在數位影像創作研究

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2004

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攝影拼貼的概念在視覺傳達作品中十分地普遍,正因為攝影拼貼結合二十 世紀後的兩大重要表現方式,即是拼貼和攝影,所以在當代視覺傳達中它仍然 具有十分重要的視覺價值。隨著攝影技術之發展,所謂攝影拼貼和攝影蒙太奇 的技術也並行地發展。 當今科技媒材的不斷趨前發展,電腦科技帶來的數位處理方式,在視覺表 現上,也帶來了前所未有的重大改變。現代電腦影像科技的進步改變了攝影、 拼貼、蒙太奇的本質。攝影得到電腦技術的協助,更加地擴大其表現方式,而 拼貼和蒙太奇終於擺脫材質、重力等物質上的限制,在電腦虛擬空間中,可以 自由自在地延伸其概念。以拼貼、蒙太奇等名稱分類視覺作品,或許,已經失 去其意義,但是,強烈的視覺效果、空間及時間的表現方式、以片斷結合的方 式連接不同來源的事物等,攝影拼貼仍是具有十分有效的視覺價值及功能性。 而攝影性圖像,已經完全包圍著現代社會,在二十世紀後的視覺表現中,一直 是十分重要的媒材。 本研究是依據研究動機與目的,以攝影拼貼手法為出發點,針對理念,精 神,造形以及實際手法進行探討與分析,從它的起源到當代視覺藝術及設計進 行解讀和評估,再加以分類,作為影像設計工作的參考,最後將分析和歸納後 的心得,運用於個人創作,以求理論與實務的均衡發展。
The concept of Photocollage is commonly used in visually expressed works,that is because after the 20th century Photollage combine two important expressed ways of vision,Collage and photography. That’s why in contemporary visual expression Photocollage is still very important for visual values. As the technology of photography is growing gradually,works which are been called “Photocollage”and “Photomotange”are also developing. As computer technology grows , computer technology conducts the digitals,which makes the innovation and changes in Visual Expression. The development of computer visual technology varies the original meaning of Photography, Photocollage and Photomontange.By the assistance of Computer Technology , the expressive ways of Photography becomes more varied so that the expressed ways of Photocollage and Photomontange could get out of its previous limited expressive ways and freely express its original concept by computer virtualeffects.Perhaps the works which are catalogued as Photocollage and Photomontange don’t really mean the same as before,but the strongly impressed visual effects, the way showing space and time, and combining and connecting things uncontinuously from different sources,those make Photocollage still have the value in visual expression. This study is based on understanding the idea and purpose of Photocollage , and according to its concept, spirit ,style and particular uses to start on estimating and analyzing it. From its original sources to contemporary visual arts and designs, this study analyze and estimate through ,then try to catalogue it for photography-design work reference. In the end of this study, I will add up the results of analyzing and estimating in Photocollage and what I have learned from it into my personal work to balance the theory and particular uses of Photocollage.

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攝影拼貼, 攝影蒙太奇, 拼貼, 蒙太奇, 攝影, 電腦影像科技, Photocollage, Photomontage, Collage, Montage, Photography, computer visual technology

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