父親及母親心理控制行為與子女同儕受害的關聯:社交焦慮的中介影響

No Thumbnail Available

Date

2015-03-??

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

國立臺灣師範大學教育心理學系
Department of Educational Psychology, NTNU

Abstract

本研究之目的在於探討父母心理控制與青少年子女同儕受害之關聯,澄清父親及母親心理控制之影響差異,並檢視青少年社交焦慮之中介角色。研究參與者為716 位國小高年級學生(男生366 位、女生350 位,平均年齡為11.44 歲)。本研究以自陳式量表測量高年級學生所知覺之父母心理控制、社交焦慮程度及同儕受害情形。研究結果發現,父母心理控制傾向與子女之同儕受害有正向關聯,且父母心理控制行為會透過子女社交焦慮的中介途徑,而影響子女的同儕受害情況,亦即父母親使用心理控制行為的傾向愈高,其子女社交焦慮程度愈嚴重,並進而導致子女有較多的同儕受害情形;其中,母親心理控制傾向在此路徑上的影響大於父親心理控制傾向。
The purpose of this study was to explore the association between parents’ psychologically controlling behaviors and early adolescents’ peer victimization, to clarify the differences between paternal and maternal influences, and to examine the mediating role of adolescents’ social anxiety in this association. A total of 716 fifth and sixth graders (366 boys and 350 girls, mean age = 11.44) participated in the present study. Self-reported measures of parental psychological control, social anxiety and peer victimization were used in this study. The results demonstrated that psychological control was positively linked with early adolescents’ peer victimization. The relationship between parental psychological control and adolescents’ peer victimization was mediated by adolescents’ social anxiety; namely, parental psychological control positively predicted adolescents’ social anxiety, which in turn positively predicted adolescents’ peer victimization. The effect of maternal psychological control was greater than paternal psychological control in this mediating pathway.

Description

Keywords

Citation