台北保安宮推展社區成人教育之研究

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2009

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論文摘要: 廟宇是臺灣傳統社會文化中很重要的一環,也是社區居民的信仰中心。而為 適應時代與社會的變遷,寺廟除具有傳統信仰功能外,更應走入社區,關心民眾之生活及教育需求,以期發揮寺廟社會教化功能。因此想瞭解寺廟在歷史中的教育文化功能定位,並藉由台北市保安宮在推展社區成人教育與文化活動的經驗,以及運作過程中的深層結構與意涵,研擬出寺廟辨理社區教育活動的可行途徑與未來發展策略。研究目的為:1.瞭解台北保安宮推展社區成人教育過程要素及實施策略。2.評估分析台北保安宮推展社區成人教育的模式及歷程。3.分析台北保安宮推展社區成人教育的角色、功能與特色。4.研擬寺廟辨理社區成人教育的未來發展方向,提出做為其他寺廟或宗教團體辨理社區成人教育活動之參考。採用的研究方法包括:個案研究法、文獻資料分析、深度訪談法、參與觀察法。   分析台北保安宮推動社區成人教育文化活動的面向為:.設立社區教育的空間場域、開辨藝文研習班、講座及成長課程、出版刊物及書籍、表演團隊與義工組織、舉辨各項民間文化藝術競賽與展演活動、創辨「保生民間宗教學院」、「保生文化祭」系列中的社區學習等。其實施策略為:1. 重視社區文化特色的學習。2. 結合社區內外各種公私部門以強化競爭力。3. 引進社區外教學資源以強化社區學習機構的吸引力。4. 推動社區生活美學,符合時代潮流與政府文化政策。 綜合研究發現,台北保安宮在推展社區成人教育過程中扮演中介者、資源發展者、文化銜接者、社區參與促進者等角色。台北保安宮推展社區成人育活動之特色為:1.以宗教信仰的傳承為己任。2.融入服務學習的社區學習。3.社交網絡形成的社區學習。而台北保安宮推展社區成人教育的影響包括:1.改善社區及寺廟文化風氣,促進居民身心健康。2.弘揚歷史文化,增進社區認同。3.引起其他民間信仰的宗教團體重視宗教信仰與文化承傳。4.提供文化上的刺激,激發民眾學習動機。5.促進地方發展,致力於社區文化園區的再現。其推展社區成人教育的努力與成果獲得社會各界肯定,並獲致以下結論: 一、 就寺廟推展社區成人教育的整體層面而言:1.寺廟推展社區成人教育是回復到過去傳統寺廟的社會功能2.寺廟推展社區成人教育要能傳承本身的宗教信仰與地方文化3.台北保安宮在寺廟推展社區成人教育中具有帶領的作用。 二、 就台北保安宮推展社區成人教育活動的個案分析而言:1.台北保安宮推展社區成人教育面向,符合西方的社區成人教育模式。2.台北保安宮推展社區成人教育具有多重角色。3.台北保安宮推展社區成人教育對社區民眾的功能包括:(1)服務的功能(2)文化再生的功能(3)引導與發展的功能(4)凝聚社區意識與情感的功能;對整體社會的功能為:(1)建立寺廟推展社區成人教育與文化活動雛型的功能(2)推展寺廟與國際文化交流的功能。4.實施社區成人教育中的師資是一個很重要的因素。5.社區文化建構應以學習者為主體。
Abstract Temples are the most important links to Taiwan’s traditional social culture, which is also the center to belief of community residents. To adapt into changes in time and society, and in addition to possessing traditional functions in belief, temples should step into community and to care for the public’s life and educational needs, in order to bring the social function of education for temples into full play. Therefore a feasible way and future development strategy for temples organizing community educational events have been drafted to understand the social function of education positioning for temples in history through the experiences, deep structure and meanings for the Baoan Temple of Taipei in promotion of community adult education and cultural events. The study objectives include: 1. Understand the elements and implementation strategy of the promotion in community adult education process for the Baoan Temple of Taipei. 2. Evaluate and analyze the model and process of the promotion in community adult education for the Baoan Temple of Taipei. 3. Analyze the role, function and characteristics of the Baoan Temple of Taipei in promotion of community adult education. 4. Draft the future development function for temples in organization of community adult education, which will be put forward as reference for other temples of religious groups in organizing community adult educational events. The study methods adopted include: case study, literature and data analysis, in-depth interview, and participation observation.    The dimensions for analyzing the Baoan Temple of Taipei in long-term promotion of community adult educational and cultural events include: establish field space for community education, launch arts workshop, seminars and growth classes, publications and books, performance bands and volunteer organization, organizing various folk culture and arts competition and exhibition events, founding community studies such as “Baoshen folk Religious College,” “Baoshen Cultural Festival.” Whereas the implementation strategies for promoting community adult education consist of the followings: 1.Place importance on learning on community cultural characteristics. 2. Combine the various public or private sectors inside and outside the community to strengthen the competitiveness. 3. Introduce the teaching resource outside the community to strengthen the attractiveness of community learning institutions. 4. Promote community life aesthetics in line modern trends with and governmental cultural policies. In sum of the study results, the Baoan Temple of Taipei plays an intermediary role, resource developer, cultural connection, and facilitator for community involvement in the process of promoting community adult education. The characteristics of the Baoan Temple of Taipei in promotion of community adult educational events include: 1. Taking responsibilities in passing down religious belief. 2. A community learning integrated with service-learning. 3. A community study formed by social networks. While the impacts of the Baoan Temple of Taipei in promotion of community adult education including: 1. Improve cultural climate for community and temples to promote the physical and mental state of health for the residents. 2. Promote the historical and cultural heritage to improve community identity. 3. Attract religious groups of folk belief to place importance on the passing down of religious belief and culture. 4. Provide cultural stimulation to inspire learning motivations from the public. 5. Promote local development and commit in the reemergence of community cultural park. The efforts and results from promoting community adult education have attained approval from the society and reached the following conclusions: 1. With respect to the overall perspective for temples promoting community adult education: A. the promotion of community adult education is to resume the past traditional social functions of temples. B. Temples promoting community adult education are required to pass down its own religious believe and local culture. c. The Baoan Temple of Taipei plays a leading role in promoting community adult education. 2. With respect to the case study analysis on the Baoan Temple of Taipei in promotion of community adult educational events: a. the dimension of the Baoan Temple of Taipei in promotion of community adult education is in line with the western community adult education model. B. the Baoan Temple of Taipei in promotion of community adult education plays multiple roles. C. The functions for the Baoan Temple of Taipei in promotion of community adult education on the community residents include: a. services function; b. culture regeneration function; c. guidance and development function; d. gathering community awareness and emotion function; whereas it the functions on the overall society consist of: a. function in forming a prototype of temple promoting community adult education and cultural event; b. function in promoting temple and international cultural exchange. D. The faculty for implementing community adult education accounts for one major factor. E. The construction of community culture should rely on learners as the main body.

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寺廟, 台北保安宮, 社區成人教育, 社區文化, 社區學習, Temple, the Baoan Temple of Taipei, community adult education, community cultural, community service-learning

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