臺北市國民中學零體罰教育政策執行之研究

Abstract

本研究旨在探討台北市國民中學零體罰實施現況,並且分析台北市國民中學零體罰政策執行的困難,最後綜合研究結果,對零體罰政策執行提出建議。 本研究採問卷調查法,在台北市國民中學教師及學生家長在不同背景變項下,探求研究對象對零體罰教育政策執行認知、態度、行為的看法,以求了解零體罰政策現況、執行問題、解決之道及其未來發展方向。本研究總計共發出1080份問卷。回收學校數共30所,回收問卷數共805份,回收率為74.54%,其中無效問卷共20份,有效問卷785份。對於資料採描述性統計分析與單因子變異數分析等研究方法,本研究結論如下: 一、受訪者對於零體罰教育政策相關內容、目的及執行抱持肯定的態度,但對於法令、罰則了解程度則相對較低。 二、零體罰政策在教育工作上具有其意義,但零體罰實施後能改善教師、學生、家長三者間的互動關係持懷疑態度,亦可能產生現場經營上的困境。 三、零體罰教育政策實施後,家長及教師仍會以強迫從事特定行為以遏止學生(孩子)不良行為。 四、零體罰教育政策需要更多配套措施,並且不斷進行宣導。 五、年齡愈大、教育程度愈高、教育行政相關人員及教學年資深者對於零體罰教育政策的認同度較高。 六、年齡在41歲以上、教育程度高、教育行政相關人員及教學年資深者較認同實施零體罰政策會帶來的正面效益。 七、家長和教師兼導師對於零體罰教育政策實施後對於教育現場負面情形有不同的看法。 八、教育程度較高、教育工作人員、教育工作年資較深者自認不再施以各種體罰的比例較高。 最後根據研究所得,本研究分別對教育主管單位、學校、教師、家長及未來研究提出具體的建議。
The present study is intended to investigate the current status and difficulties of the zero corporal punishment policy implementation in junior high schools in Taipei city. Several suggestions for implementing the zero corporal punishment policy were proposed through the analysis of the study results. A questionnaire survey was conducted in this study. The subjects were junior high school teachers and students’ parents with different background variables in Taipei city. In order to understand the current status, implementation problems and solutions as well as future development of the zero corporal punishment policy, the cognition, attitudes, and viewpoints of the subjects toward the policy were explored. 1080 questionnaires were distributed and 805 were retrieved from 30 schools which made the response rate 74.54 % containing 20 invalid copies and 785 valid ones. Descriptive Statistics and one-way ANOVA were used to analyze the data. The results of the study were as follows: 1. The subjects had positive attitudes toward the content, goal and implementation of the zero corporal punishment policy, but less understood the enactment and discipline of the policy. 2. The zero corporal punishment policy was considered meaningful in education while the improvement of the relationship between teachers, students and their parents was doubted. The difficulties of on-the-spot implementation were also recognized. 3. After the implementation of the zero corporal punishment policy, the subjects would also try to stop students’ (or children’s) misbehavior by forcing them to do certain things. 4. The result indicated that the zero corporal punishment policy needed more supplementary measures as well as continuous and widespread publication. 5. The educational administrative personnel and senior teachers with older age and higher education had higher agreement over the zero corporal punishment policy. 6. The educational administrative personnel and senior teachers whose age is over 41 and with higher education had stronger agreement on the positive effect that the zero corporal punishment policy might bring. 7. Different opinions on the possible negative effect of on-the-spot education after implementing the zero corporal punishment policy existed between students’ parents and homeroom teachers. 8. A higher percentage of education workers and senior teachers with higher education thought no corporal punishment was given by them since the implementation of the zero corporal punishment policy. At last, some specific suggestions for education institutions, schools, teachers, students’ parents and further studies were submitted based on the result of this study.

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Keywords

體罰, 零體罰, 教育政策, 教育政策執行, corporal punishment, zero corporal punishment, education policy, he implementation of education policy

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