臺灣與越南新住民勞工階級家庭親子互動研究

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2015

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本研究進入勞工階級的臺灣與越南籍新住民家庭各一個,進行半年的參與觀察及非正式訪談,嘗試了解親子互動的情況。發現在臺灣方面,媽媽受到先生的支持與協助,加上成長經驗及工作的影響,善用周遭的人際和物質資源,注重孩子的學業與禮儀,但忽視生活常規。而對兩個孩子表面相同的規範上,可能因為性別及年齡不同有所差異,對姊姊嚴厲堅持而對弟弟寬厚縱容,因此形成姊弟分別以欺瞞、抗拒及撒嬌、逃避的方式回應;在越南部分,家中掌有權力的人是阿嬤,阿公及爸爸完全支持。但阿嬤對媽媽因為文化及個性衝突而存有歧視與不滿,因此大幅介入孫子女的養育,教養方式寬嚴並濟,孩子迎合阿嬤的喜好以避免受罰及滿足需求,對媽媽採取反抗威嚇的態度,媽媽可能受到家庭及社區人際關係和經濟的影響,雖然會打罵子女,但若孩子當下的行為順從則停止懲罰,並未堅持及指正孩子的言行。
In order to realize the parent-child interaction both in Taiwan and Vietnamese New Immigrant woman’s working class family, this research was proceed with the research method of participant observation and informal interview in two families which fit in with the condition above for half a year. The research result showing: In Taiwan family, mother gets support and help from her husband’s backing, furthermore, she is good at making use of her interpersonal relationship and material resources owing to the effect of her own growing experiences and job. Besides, she pays attention on children’s school work and etiquette but ignores their regular manners. Speaking of regular manners, maybe because of her children’s difference on age and sex, she treats elder sister strictly but tolerantly to younger brother. So that elder sister comes into cheating or resisting and younger brother acting like a spoiled child and evading mother. On the other hand, in Vietnamese New Immigrant woman’s family, grandmother absolutely has power. She discriminates against and dissatisfied her daughter-in-law because of culture and personality conflict. Grandmother interferes with grandchildren’s rearing by the way of tempers justice with mercy. Children cater to their grandmother’s pleasure for avoiding punishment and fulfilling need. They also intimidate and resisting their mother. Although mother uses beat and scold to restraint children’s bad behavior, she doesn’t persist in her parent-child interaction attitude. The reason is probably because of she is under the control of family, community and economy.

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新住民, 勞工階級, 親子互動, New Immigrant Woman, working class, parent-child interaction

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