成人依附、理想-知覺伴侶一致性與婚姻承諾度相關研究

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2019

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本研究旨在探討將婚與已婚成人的成人依附、理想-知覺伴侶一致性與婚姻承諾度之現況、相關性與預測力。並將已婚與將婚受試者分開檢視,以排除不同親密關係狀態造成之差異。本研究採用問卷調查的方式,以立意取樣與便利取樣進行問卷施測,總共回收1059份有效問卷。資料分析方法採用獨立樣本t檢定、單因子變異數分析、皮爾森積差相關、逐步迴歸分析。本研究主要發現如下: 一、男性的依附逃避傾向與婚姻承諾皆高於女性。將婚與已婚受試者在成人依附向度上呈現顯著差異,將婚受試者的依附焦慮低於已婚受試者,已婚受試者之依附逃避低於將婚受試者。另外,交往時間或婚齡於婚姻承諾程據顯著差異。 二、依附逃避與對配偶的承諾顯著負相關,與外在壓力束縛顯著正相關。依附焦慮與整體婚姻承諾和外在壓力束縛顯著正相關。另外,理想-知覺伴侶一致性直接測量與「整體婚姻承諾」、「對配偶的承諾」與「對婚姻的承諾」顯著正相關,但理想-知覺伴侶一致性間接測量則與婚姻承諾皆無顯著關聯。 三、性別、依附焦慮、依附逃避與理想-知覺伴侶一致性能有效預測婚姻承諾度。其中,性別與依附焦慮對大部分婚姻承諾變項皆具顯著預測力,而理想-知覺伴侶一致性相較其他預測變項,對「對配偶的伴侶」最具預測力。依附逃避則主要與「對配偶的承諾」具影響力,較無法有效預測其他婚姻承諾變項。 最後,本研究依據研究結果提出未來研究與諮商輔導實務建議以供參考。 關鍵字:成人依附、理想-知覺伴侶一致性、婚姻承諾
The main purpose of the present study was to explore the relationships among attachment, actual-perception consistency and marital commitment of heterosexual married and engaged couples. A total of 1059 completed self-reported questionnaires were collected through purposive sampling and accidental sampling. Data was analyzed by Independent-Sample t test, one-way analysis of variance, Pearson product-term correlation, and stepwise regression analysis. The major findings of the present study were as follows: 1.Men were higher level of attachment avoidance and marital commitment than women. Engaged subjects reported higher attachment avoidance and lower attachment anxiety than married couple. Furthermore, the marital commitment was statistically different from the length of dating or married.2. Attachment avoidance was negatively associated with“the commitment to spouse”and “feeling of entrapment”. Attachment anxiety was positively associated with the general commitment of marriage and “feeling of entrapment”. Besides, the direct measure of actual-perception consistency was positively associated with general commitment of marriage and“the commitment of spouse”, while the indirect measure of actual-perception consistency was not.3.Participant’s gender, attachment avoidance, anxiety and the direct measure of actual-perception consistency significantly predicted the marital commitment dependent variables. Gender and attachment anxiety did positively predict almost every marital commitment dependent variables, direct measure of actual-perception consistency was the best predictor to “the commitment of spouse”. Moreover, attachment avoidance negatively predicted“the commitment of spouse”and failed to predict other marital commitment dependent variables. According to the findings, suggestions for future researches and practical works are addressed. KEY WORD: Actual-perception consistency, Attachment, Marital commitment

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成人依附, 理想-知覺伴侶一致性, 婚姻承諾, Actual-perception consistency, Attachment, Marital commitment

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