以專家判斷法決定國民小學教育經費充足

dc.contributor.author 涂巧玲 zh_tw
dc.contributor.author 楊宜興 zh_tw
dc.date.accessioned 2014-10-27T15:30:30Z
dc.date.available 2014-10-27T15:30:30Z
dc.date.issued 2003-06-?? zh_TW
dc.description.abstract 本研究檢討我國決定教育經費的方式,參酌國外決定教育經費充足的方法,找出適合我國決定教育經費充足的方法,以作為編列教育預算的基礎。本研究發現專家判斷法能清楚的讓人明瞭決定教育經費的理由,且適合於沒有標準化成就測驗的地方,因此決定以專家判斷法為藍本,並以得懷術問卷調查國內學者專家的意見,修正成適合於我國決定教育經費充足的方法,其步驟有:一、組成顧問團與選取兩組教育專家;二、顧問團提出教育方針供專家設計小學範本的參考;三、顧問團根據兩組專家提供的資源要素與數量,計算出每生的單位成本;四、依據學生與地區特性差異調整成本;五、調整規模不經濟;六、調整物價指數;七、經由上述的步驟,最後可能得出公式=每生單位成本×學生數(一般學生數十特殊需求學生數×權重)十地區差異調整十規模不經濟調整十物價指數調整。 zh_tw
dc.description.abstract This study reviews the existing approaches toward budgeting educational expenses in Taiwan and tries to identify an appropriate resolution for determining educational funds. Since the Professional Judgment Approach is bestin terms of roviding rationale for determining educational expenses and is particularly more suitable for areas which do not implement standardized achievement tests, it is modified here and then used as a major approach to determine financial adequacy.The following are the steps adopted in this research: First, a group of consultants and two groups of educational experts are recruited. Second, the consultants establish an educational budgetary principle so that the experts can design strategies to allocate resources for elementary schools. Third, based on the information provided by the experts, the consultants calculate an individual students's unit cost. Fourth, the cost is adjusted so as to stay in line with student characteristics and variations within different areas. Fifth, the situation of diseconomies of scale is corrected. Sixth, the cost is adjusted on the basis of the price index. Next, a formula is derived-the unit cost of each student multiplied by the number of students, thus taking into account the average needs of general students plus the extra needs of handicapped students; finally, the adjustment for variations within areas, the correction for the diseconomies of scale, and the adjustment of the price index are added in. en_US
dc.identifier 480382AF-5418-B4D7-FA7A-84BE039332FC zh_TW
dc.identifier.uri http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/handle/20.500.12235/18925
dc.language 中文 zh_TW
dc.publisher 國立台灣師範大學教育學系 zh_tw
dc.publisher Department od Education, NTNU en_US
dc.relation 49(2),1-27 zh_TW
dc.relation.ispartof 教育研究集刊 zh_tw
dc.subject.other 教育經費 zh_tw
dc.subject.other 財政充足 zh_tw
dc.subject.other 國民小學 zh_tw
dc.subject.other Educational expenses en_US
dc.subject.other Financial adequacy en_US
dc.subject.other Elementary schools en_US
dc.title 以專家判斷法決定國民小學教育經費充足 zh-tw
dc.title.alternative Determining the Education Budgetary Expenses of Taiwanese Elementary Schools through the Professional Judgment Approach: The Exploration of a New Approach zh_tw
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