開放性運動預期能力檢測系統之開發

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2005

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Abstract

運動技能的臨場表現往往受到對手、場地及環境等多重因素所影響,因此,若能在混淆多變的環境中,擷取判斷有用的訊息,並加以處理反應,將有助於運動技能的表現。本研究主要目的是藉由整合運動技能、多媒體實務及網路技術等,開發一套「開放性運動預期能力檢測系統」,以作為開放性運動預期能力的評估與訓練工具。系統採用Microsoft Visual C# 及SQL Server 2000等工具來發展該系統,依鋸齒狀開發模式,考量相關設備、材料及需求等因素,建構系統的雛形,參酌專家及使用者的建議,不斷的測試與修正系統,並通過了資訊專家、運動教練及選手的評估後完成系統。系統將提供給運動指導者使用,期望藉由學習者的大量測驗與練習,紀錄並觀察其學習歷程,統計分析學習成效及學習曲線,以達到質化的觀察及量化學習成就的目的;不同技能水準與經驗的運動參與者可利用反覆練習的方式,在預期能力上獲得突破與精進。
An athlete's performance on the court is influenced by many factors such as the opponent's state, field condition, environment, etc. Therefore, an important training issue is to improve the player's anticipation capability, i.e., the ability to quickly analyze the opponent's movement and make a correct decision rapidly. From the current related research, we found that there are some defects and conflicts in visual search methods and other related anticipation capability studies. Hence, we develop a computer system by integrating motor skill, multimedia processing and web-based computing to assess player's anticipation capability. In this study, we use badminton players as an example for the system. It is proved that, by watching the opponent's movement and birdie trajectory on the screen, the players can improve their ability in predicting the birdie's location. The system is developed using Microsoft language Visual C# and SQL Server 2000 database management system. It also records the player's profile, which includes the correctness ratio and response time. The profile can then be stored for further analysis. The system, tested by computer experts, badminton players and coaches, is proved to be useful not only for evaluating players' anticipation capability, but also for improving their skills when training with the system.

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開放性運動, 預期能力, Open Skill Sports, Anticipation Capability

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