醫院志工健康促進生活型態及其相關因素之探討-以南部某三家區域教學醫院為例

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2016

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本研究主要目的在了解醫院志工健康促進生活型態現況,進而比較不同社會人口學特性在自覺健康狀態、健康概念與健康促進生活型態的差異情形;並探討自覺健康狀態、健康概念與健康生活型態之間的關係,及健康促進生活態的預測因子。 以南部某三家區域教學醫院623名醫院志工為研究母群體,以自填問卷方式進行資料蒐集,共發出 303份問卷,有效問卷253份,有效回收率達83%。使用SPSS for Windows 22.0視窗版套裝軟體進行統計資料分析。 本研究結果分析如下: 一、 研究對象社會人口學特性,整體而言與同年齡得比較,目前健康狀況教育程度與志工每週服務時數具顯著差異。 二、 研究對象社會人口學特性,在健康概念上年齡與志工每週服務時數具顯著差異。 三、 研究對象社會人口學特性,在健康促進生活型態上執行力最高為飲食習慣,其次為自我實現,其餘依序為人際支持、壓力管理、運動習慣、最差為健康責任。 四、 研究對象之自覺健康狀態、健康概念與健康促進生活型態呈正相關。 五、 預測研究對象健康促進生活型態之因素為健康概念、自覺健康狀態、志工主要服務班別、每週服務時數,其中每週服務時數可以解釋30.5%的變異量,最能有效預測健康促進生活型態。
The main purpose of this study understand status of hospital volunteer’s health promoting lifestyle, and then compare the differences of different social demographic characteristics in perceived health status, health concept and health promoting lifestyle. This study also explores relationships among perceived health status, health concept and health promoting lifestyle, as well as predictors of health promoting lifestyle. This study takes 623 volunteers from three regional teaching hospitals in southern Taiwan as the group and it is adopted by self-administered questionnaire way to collect data. the total amount of 303 questionnaires, After screening, there are 253 available questionnaires, with the effective response rate of 83%. It takes software SPSS for Windows 22.0 package for statistical data analysis.The results of this study are as follows: 1. Social demographic characteristics of the study subjects have overall, the present health and education among the same age have significant difference with volunteers’ weekly service hours. 2. Social demographic characteristics of the study subjects have significant difference between volunteers’ ages and service hours in the health concept. 3. Social demographic characteristics of the study subjects take the most execution to diet habits in the health promoting lifestyle, followed by the self-realization, and other sequentially for social support, stress management, exercise habits and health responsibility as the worst. 4. The perceived health status, health concept and health promoting lifestyle of the study subjects are positively correlated. 5. It is predicted that factors of study subject's health promoting lifestyle are health concept, perceived health status, volunteer service class and weekly service hours, wherein the weekly services hours can be explained 30.5% of the variation, which is the most effective prediction of health promoting lifestyle.

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志工, 自覺健康狀態, 健康概念, 健康促進生活型態, volunteers, Perceived health status, Health concept, Health promoting lifestyle

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