教育水準、教育適量性與自述健康關係之探究

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Date

2011-06-??

Authors

曾永清
呂啟民

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國立台灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系
Department of Civil Education and Leadership, NTNU

Abstract

教育和健康是人力資本兩項非常重要的特徵。許多研究已經發現教育和健康之間的具有正向的關係,但是這種關僻、的因果型態和相互影響因素可能相當複雜。除了教育以外,本文嘗試探討在職訓練與過量教育對健康的影響。本文使用二階段遞迴模式估計中學老師的教育對健康的效應。在使用自我描述的健康狀態數據下,本文實證發現中學教師工作成就感對健康的影響是確定和重要的,教育水準對健康無顯著的影響,在職訓練亦無顯著結果,學校教育無法被證明對健康有生產效率。過量教育的虛擬變數對健康機率值亦無明顯效果。
Education and health are the two most important characteristics of human capital. A number of studies have found positive associations between education and health, but the patterns of causality and effects of factors underlying these correlations are likely to be complex. Besides schooling, this paper tried to investigate the impact of on-the-job training and over-education on health.This paper uses two-stage recursive model to estimate the effect of schooling on health. Using the self-reported health status data, our results show that, working achievement effect on health is positive and significant, the effect of schooling on health is insignificant, on-the-job training has the same result, schooling cannot be proved to have a substantial productive efficiency on health. Dummy variable of over-education appears to have no measurable effect on the probability ofhealth.

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