高雄市中小學實施游泳教學現況與問題之研究

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2010

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本研究旨在探討高雄市中小學實施游泳教學現況與問題,以問卷調查各校擔任體育行政工作之體育組長為對象,寄發問卷155份,得回收率100%,有效問卷155份。並將所得資料以描述統計方法進行分析,獲致結果如下: 一、高雄市中小學學校游泳池設施僅占10%,以高雄市中區最多;而有游泳池設施學校皆全面實施游泳教學,國小實施率最高,高中職居次,國中最低;國、高中實施游泳教學之師資來源為校內具有游泳能力之教師。 二、高雄市無游泳池設施學校以小學最缺乏。多以步行方式前往學區內公、民營游泳池進行教學,搭校車前往為最少,經費來源為學生自行繳交。 三、有游泳設施學校以每次上1節課,實施對象為全校,上、下學期皆有實施;無游泳池設施之小學,以每次2節連上,實施對象為3-6年級,平均一學期上7-9節。 四、高雄市中小學無實施游泳教學之阻礙為缺乏教學場地、缺乏實施經費、擔任教學師資不足、缺乏救生員、教師配合度不高。 五、高雄市中小學有游泳池實施游泳教學所面臨問題為無救生員編制、缺乏實施經費、教師無教學意願。無游泳池有實施游泳教學所面臨之問題為無經費來源、擔任游泳教學師資有問題、排(調)課有困難。
  This study is aimed at exploring the actuality and the problems of the practice of the swim teaching in Kaohsiung municipal elementary schools, junior high schools, senior highs and vocational high schools. The researcher has done the survey by using questionnaires to investigate those teachers who serve as section chiefs of physical education in each school. The distributed questionnaires were 155 copies, the return rate of the questionnaires was 100 %, and the valid questionnaires were 155 copies. The required data was analyzed by the method of description statistics and the results are as follows: 1.There are only 10 % of facilities of swimming pools in elementary schools, junior high schools and senior high schools in Kaohsiung; among them, the middle section of Kaohsiung occupies the largest number of pools. However, the schools with swimming pools all put the swim teaching lessons into practice. The highest rate of the practicing takes place in elementary schools; senior high schools and vocational high schools takes the second place while junior high schools has the lowest rate. The resource of teachers of the swim teaching is inside from the junior highs, senior highs and vocational high schools; the teachers qualified to teach swimming are chosen to teach the swim lessons. 2.The elementary schools in Kaohsiung are the most deficient in the facilities of swimming pools. Most students would take the swimming lessons by walking to the public or private swimming pools in their learning district. Going to the swimming pool by school bus is the least choice. The expenditure of the swimming classes is paid by the students themselves. 3.The schools with swimming pools would put the swim teaching into practice in both the two semesters; the swimming class is open for all the students in the school and each time the students would take one lesson. As for the schools without swimming pools, only the students in the third to the sixth grades would take the swimming lessons, and each time they would receive two classes,which comes to an average of 7 to 9 swimming classes each semester. 4.The obstacles of Kaohsiung municipal schools which are not putting the swim teaching in to practice are that they lack the teaching places and the practice expenditure, they don’t have the unqualified teachers and the lifeguards; besides, the will of the teachers’ cooperation is low. 5.The problems to practice the swim teaching in Kaohsiung municipal schools with swimming pools are that there are no lifeguard system, lacks of the expenditure and the teachers’ unwillingness to teaching. In addition, the problems to practice the swim teaching in Kaohsiung municipal schools without swimming pools are that there are no resource of the expenditure, the unqualified teachers and the difficulty to arrange classes.

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高雄市中小學, 游泳池設施, 學校游泳教學, 游泳教學現況, 課程規劃, Kaohsiung municipal elementary schools, junior high schools, senior high schools and vocational high schools, facilities of swimming pools, swim teaching of schools, actualities of the swimming of the students

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