以繪畫與攝影表徵輔助幼兒口語敘事表現之研究

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2014

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Abstract

本研究旨在探討與瞭解運用繪畫與攝影表徵作為輔助工具,對幼兒口語敘事表現的影響。研究對象為臺北市某幼兒園六名5至6歲學齡前幼兒,本研究採半結構式訪談方式蒐集六名幼兒的口語敘事語料,訪談時幼兒透過繪畫及數位照片分享角落活動後的表現,事後依據Marjanovic-Umek等人及Fitzhugh的故事結構發展層次,分析比較幼兒的口語敘事表現之情形。 本研究結果顯示: (一)繪畫表徵與攝影表徵對幼兒的口語敘事表現具正向影響。 (二)口語敘事表現能豐富幼兒的表徵圖像。 (三)表徵方式的興趣會影響幼兒的口語敘事表現。 (四)表徵圖像能提升幼兒邏輯思考力。 本研究為初探性研究,希望作為實務工作者與未來研究之參考。
This study aims at investigating and understanding the effect of oral narration for young children through drawing and photographic representations. The participants are six pre-school children between 5-6 years old in Taipei City. This study design is conducted via qualitative semi-structured interviews and collects six young children oral narration for further analysis. During the interview, young children could share their performance through drawings and digital photos in the learning corner activity. Then, based on development levels of story structure introduced by Marjanovic-Umek et al. and Fitzhugh, this research analyzes the story content through oral narration of young children. Four observations are concluded by the experimental results of this study. (a) Both drawing and photographic representations have positive effects on young children’s oral narration. (b) Young children’s representative draws and photos could be enriched through the oral narration. (c) Oral narration of young children has correlations with his/her interest of representations. (d)Representative draws and photos could strengthen young children’s logical thinking. This study is a beneficial reference for both practical execution and academic research in children education field.

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繪畫表徵, 攝影表徵, 口語敘事, 故事結構, drawing representation, photographic representation, oral narration, story structure

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