籃球進攻時間規則修改對於攻守表現之影響-以SBL及WSBL為例

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2022

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本研究以進攻時間規則改變為主題,探討獲得進攻籃板後進攻時間由24秒減少為14秒之進攻時間規則修改,對於聯盟整體及球隊攻守數據所產生的影響,研究目的為探討進攻時間減少對於攻守表現的影響。研究對象為超級籃球聯賽(Super Basketball Leagu[SBL])及女子超級籃球聯賽(Women's Super Basketball League[WSBL]),樣本區間依2014年規則修改實施前後三年共六個球季,攻守數據,採計項目包含:兩分球、三分球與罰球之出手次數、命中次數及命中率、進攻籃板、防守籃板、總籃板、助攻、阻攻、抄截、失誤、犯規及總得分共18項。並採用球隊例行賽數據;透過官方網站所提供之攻守數據蒐集至Microsoft Excel進行統整,並採用SPSS23.0軟體進行分析統計,使用描述性統計、獨立樣本T檢定,並以α=.05為顯著水準進行統計考驗進行資料分析,以及Peaeson積差相關分析攻守數對於總得分之相關性差異,以進一步探討進攻時間規則修改後對於比賽所造成的影響。研究所得結論如下: 一、規則修改後對於SBL及WSBL攻守數據表現產生影響,對於三分球出手數影響最為明顯,其次為助攻。 二、規則修改後SBL及WSBL兩聯盟攻守數據改變趨勢除三分球出手數之外,其餘項目並無相似趨勢表現。 三、攻守數據對與總得分的相關性結構產生改變,但SBL及WSBL兩聯盟與各隊皆不相同。   基於上述研究結果,因三分球出手數提升,建議加強三分球訓練,以確保三分球出手的把握度及穩定性;又因助攻數下降,建議擬定進攻時間較短情況之進攻戰術;而針對未來研究,建議可納入球隊球員組成內容進行探討或是研究其他層級球賽數據,可更清楚了解台灣籃球在規則修改後的趨勢發展。
This study takes the change of offensive time rule as the theme, discusses the offensive time rule modification that reduces the offensive time from 24 seconds to 14 seconds after obtaining offensive rebounds, and the impact on the overall league and team offensive and defensive data. The purpose of the study is to explore the reduction of offensive time. The impact on offensive and defensive performance. The study objects are the Super Basketball Leagu [SBL] and the Women's Super Basketball League [WSBL]. The sample interval is based on the 2014 rule revision for three years before and after the implementation of the six seasons. Offensive and defensive data is collected. The counting items include: two-pointers, three-pointers and free throw attempts, number of hits and percentage, offensive rebounds, defensive rebounds, total rebounds, assists, blockades, steals, turnovers, fouls and total points, etc. 18 items . The team’s regular game data is also used; theoffensive and defensive data provided by the official website is collected into Microsoft Excel for integration, and SPSS23.0 software is used for analysis and statistics, using descriptive statistics, independent sample T test, and α=. 05 is a statistical test for the significant level for data analysis, and Peaeson's product difference correlation analysis of the correlation between offensive and defensive numbers and total scores, to further explore the impact of the revised offensive time rule on the game. The conclusions of the study are as follows: 1. The revised rules will have an impact on the offensive and defensive performance of the Super Basketball League (SBL) and the Women's Super Basketball League (WSBL), with the most obvious impact on the number of three-pointers, followed by assists. 2. The change trend of offensive and defensive data in the Super Basketball League (SBL) and Women's Super Basketball League (WSBL) after the rule changes Except for the number of three-pointers, the other items have no similar trend performance. 3. The offensive and defensive data has changed the correlation structure with the total score, but the Super Basketball League (SBL) and Women's Super Basketball League (WSBL) are different from each team. Based on the above study results, due to the increase in the number of three-point shots, it is recommended to strengthen the three-point shot training to ensure the certainty and stability of the three-point shots; and due to the decrease in the number of assists, it is recommended to develop an offensive tactic with a shorter offensive time. ; And for future study, it is recommended to include the content of team player composition for discussion or to study other levels of ball game data, so as to have a clearer understanding of the trend and development of Taiwan basketball after the revised rules.

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籃球, 進攻時間, 規則修改, Basketball, offensive time, rule modification, SBL, WSBL

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