動機與策略對英文論文摘要之解釋性 The role of identity-based motivation and self-regulatory strategies in explaining research-article abstract writing ability with L2 literacy as a covariate

dc.contributor 程玉秀博士 zh_TW
dc.contributor 林世華博士 zh_TW
dc.contributor Yuh-show Cheng en_US
dc.contributor Sieh-hwa Lin en_US
dc.contributor.author 林明佳 zh_TW
dc.contributor.author Ming-chia Lin en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2019-09-03T13:00:08Z
dc.date.available 2015-01-01
dc.date.available 2019-09-03T13:00:08Z
dc.date.issued 2012
dc.description.abstract 本研究旨在探討認同為本的寫作動機、自我調控寫作策略、及英語讀寫能力對論文摘要寫作能力之解釋性。為達成此研究目標,本研究轉換四個構念成為四項工具,以便建構並考驗一個動機化摘要寫作模型。其中英語讀寫能力測驗採用全民英檢高級,其餘三種工具則另行發展。 在前導研究中,對分佈於5所大學的255位博士生(140位主修教育,115位主修商業)實施動機量表與策略量表。兩份量表的效度獲得初步支持。摘要實作評量則發展如下:兩個評分表歷經一連串的專家審查,摘要寫作任務則對五位應用語言所的研究生施測,其可行性獲得初步支持。 在正式研究中,資料蒐集歷經130分鐘,依序實施四種評量工具:英語讀寫測驗(55分鐘)、論文摘要寫作任務(60分鐘)、及動機量表與策略量表(15分鐘)。受試者為自願的研究生,來自臺灣15所大學的應用語言學研究所(包含碩士生與博士生,共計185位)。以上正式研究的資料蒐集在兩個月之內完成。資料分析採用結構方程模式的兩步驟取向。 測量模型的結果支持實證資料與動機化摘要寫作模型的適配性,顯示四項工具能適切回應四個構念。結構模型的結果亦支持實證資料與動機化摘要寫作模型的適配性。英語讀寫能力被證實是一個有作用的共變數(β=.53)。當控制讀寫能力與策略時,動機對摘要寫作能力有直接效果(β=.19)。當控制讀寫能力與動機時,策略對摘要寫作能力無直接效果。動機經由策略對寫作能力無間接效果。另外,也發現動機對策略有直接效果(β=.46)。 理論上,動機對摘要寫作能力的直接效果支持以下四個理論的整合:教育心理學學門之中認同為本的動機理論(Oyserman& Destin, 2010)與期望價值理論(Eccles, 2009),外語學習學門之中社會教育理論(Gardner, 2007)與文類理論(Swales, 1990)。本研究之認同為本的寫作動機,能有效捕捉上述四個理論之中,共同含有的認同動機構念。若未來的研究者操作此認同寫作動機構念,則近似於同時操作這些理論的共同構念,因而可望有效地精簡其研究設計。又此四個理論的整合,讓未來的研究者能以統整的方式來解讀先前研究對這四個理論的發現,而讓這種認同動機在外語學習上有較為普遍的應用。教學上,本研究的發現指出,欲培養學生英文論文摘要的寫作能力,可先提升其一般的英語讀寫能力;又擁有較高動機的學生,通常寫作能力也比較好。因此,英文論文的寫作教師,除了教導寫作技巧之外,亦可教導學生如何體悟、激勵、與維持自身之認同為本的寫作動機,才能有效提升其英文論文摘要的寫作能力。然而,使用較多寫作策略的學生,卻未必有較好的寫作能力;因此,使用策略的效益,有待進一步的研究。 zh_TW
dc.description.abstract The aim of the study was to investigate the role of identity-based writing motivation and use of self-regulatory writing strategies in explaining research-article (RA) abstract writing ability with L2 literacy as a covariate. To achieve this aim, the study constructed and tested a motivated abstract-writing model (MAW model) by translating the above four constructs into four measures. L2 literacy test was adopted from the General English Proficiency Test-advanced. The remaining three measures were developed here, including identity-based writing motivation inventory (IWMI), self-regulatory writing strategy inventory (SWSI), and research abstract performance assessment (RAPA) with an RA-abstract writing task and two rating scales. In the pilot study, IWMI and SWSI were administered to a total of 255 L2 doctoral students majoring in education (n=140) and business (n=115) across five universities in Taiwan. IWMI and SWSI were supported for psychometric properties. RAPA was developed by expert-review on the two rating scales and by pilot-test of the RA-abstract writing on 5 graduate students in applied linguistics to ensure its feasibility. In the formal study, data were collected from a 130-minute procedure in which the four measures were administered in sequence: L2 literacy test (55 minutes), RA-abstract writing task (60 minutes), and IWMI and SWSI (15 minutes). The participants were voluntary L2 graduate students (master’s and doctoral students) majoring in applied linguistics across 15 universities in Taiwan (n=185); they were recruited over two months. Data were analyzed by the two-step approach of SEM. In measurement model, results supported the goodness-of-fit between the collected data and the MAW model, suggesting the four measures were generally valid in manifesting the four constructs. In structural model, results also supported the goodness-of-fit between the collected data and the MAW model. L2 literacy being a strong covariate was supported (β=.53). With L2 literacy and strategy controlled, direct effect of identity-based writing motivation on RA-abstract writing ability was supported (β=.19). With L2 literacy and motivation controlled, direct effect of self-regulatory writing strategy on writing ability was not supported. Indirect effect of motivation on writing ability via strategy was not supported. Additionally, direct effect of motivation on strategy was supported (β= .46). Theoretically, the direct effect of identity-based writing motivation supports a synthesis of the identity-based motivation theory (Oyserman& Destin, 2010) and the expectancy-value theory (Eccles, 2009) in educational psychology, as well as the socio-educational theory (Gardner, 2007) and the genre theory (Swales, 1990) in L2 learning. Specifically, the identity-based writing motivation can capture the common construct of collective identity among the aforementioned theories. Adopting this writing motivation, researchers may reduce the complexity of their research design. Moreover, it allows future studies to synthesize findings onthese theories, enabling a wider generalization of the identity-based writing motivation in L2 learning. Pedagogically, the findings indicate that when aiming to cultivate L2 graduate students’ English RA-abstract writing ability, instructors first need to enhance students’ L2 literacy. Second, students with higher motivation were found to write better. Instructors should not only address skill for RA writing, but teach students how to recognize, stimulate, and sustain their identity-based writing motivation so as to effectively enhance their RA-abstract writing ability. However, students who use more writing strategies do not necessarily lead to a better writing ability. The effectiveness of strategy use requires future studies. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship 英語學系 zh_TW
dc.identifier GN0896210053
dc.identifier.uri http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=id=%22GN0896210053%22.&%22.id.&
dc.identifier.uri http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/97900
dc.language 英文
dc.subject 英語讀寫能力 zh_TW
dc.subject 認同為本的寫作動機 zh_TW
dc.subject 自我調控的寫作策略 zh_TW
dc.subject 英文論文摘要寫作能力 zh_TW
dc.subject 動機化摘要寫作模型 zh_TW
dc.subject 結構方程模式 zh_TW
dc.subject L2 literacy en_US
dc.subject identity-based writing motivation en_US
dc.subject self-regulatory writing strategies en_US
dc.subject research-article abstract writing ability en_US
dc.subject the motivated abstract-writing model (the MAW model) en_US
dc.subject the structural equation modeling en_US
dc.title 動機與策略對英文論文摘要之解釋性 zh_TW
dc.title The role of identity-based motivation and self-regulatory strategies in explaining research-article abstract writing ability with L2 literacy as a covariate en_US
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