二至三歲幼兒分類與一對一對應能力之探討 Young Children’s Understanding of Classification and One-to-One Correspondence

dc.contributor 鍾志從 博士 zh_TW
dc.contributor.author 胡迪蘭 zh_TW
dc.date.accessioned 2019-08-28T04:06:04Z
dc.date.available 2013-7-15
dc.date.available 2019-08-28T04:06:04Z
dc.date.issued 2008
dc.description.abstract 中文摘要 本研究旨在探討幼兒分類與一對一對應能力,在二至三歲不同年齡的發展表現。本研究以135名台中市公私立托兒所與托嬰中心的幼兒為對象,採研究者自編之幼兒分類遊戲與一對一對應遊戲為評量工具。透過一對一的訪談測試與SPSS for windows 14.0的統計資料分析,研究結果顯示: 一、二至三歲幼兒的分類能力的發展層次依序為:依物的用途或性質辨別、依物的形狀分類、依物的顏色分類、依單一要素來分類與依抽象概念來分類、依複雜要素來分類、能做A與非A的分類。 二、二至三歲幼兒的年齡越大,幼兒的分類能力越好。兩歲至三歲之幼兒分類的標準,多只能以部份特徵,不能同時考慮多種因素,缺乏將物體抽象化的能力。 三、性別不同的受試幼兒,在分類能力的發展上沒有顯著差異。 四、二至三歲的幼兒異質互補物的靜態對應發展在先、同質性相似物的對應發展在後。 五、二至三歲幼兒的年齡越大,幼兒的一對一對應能力越好。在一對一對應操作中,若操作物數量增加,則幼兒的通過率會降低。 六、性別不同的受試幼兒,在一對一對應能力的發展上沒有顯著差異。 zh_TW
dc.description.abstract Abstract The purpose of this study was to explore the development of young children’s understanding of classification and one-to-one correspondence at 2 to 3 years old. The 135 preschoolsers participated in this study, including 73 two-year-old children and 62 three-year-old children, 50% boys and 50% girls. They came from ten nursery schools and nursery centers in Taichung city. By using clinical interview and SPSS 14.0 data analysis, the results showed as following: 1.The development sequence of classification found inthis study was: (1) Function or nature classification;(2) Form classification;(3) Color classification;(4) Single element classification;(5) Abstract classification;(6) Complicated classification;(7) A not A classification. 2.The development order of one-to-one correspondence for young children was “heterogeneous complementary” first, then the “homologues analogue develops. 3.The older the children, the better the abilities of classification and one-to-one correspondence. 4.There was no significant difference between boys and girls in the development of classification and one-to-one correspondence. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship 人類發展與家庭學系 zh_TW
dc.identifier GN0094062101
dc.identifier.uri http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=id=%22GN0094062101%22.&%22.id.&
dc.identifier.uri http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/86839
dc.language 中文
dc.subject 分類能力 zh_TW
dc.subject 一對一對應能力 zh_TW
dc.subject classification en_US
dc.subject one-to-one correspondence en_US
dc.title 二至三歲幼兒分類與一對一對應能力之探討 zh_TW
dc.title Young Children’s Understanding of Classification and One-to-One Correspondence en_US
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