個別化跑步機運動訓練課程對大學視覺障礙學生健康體適能之介入成效

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2021-06-??

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國立台灣師範大學特殊教育中心
National Taiwan Normal University Special Education Center

Abstract

隨著社會與科技的進步,我們的生活越來越方便,日常生活中勞動與活動的機會越來越少,因此培養良好的運動習慣更顯重要,大學為進入工作前的最後教育階段,也是培養自主運動習慣的好時機。視障學生受限於生、心理或其他限制,更不容易建立運動習慣,本文旨在進行個別化跑步機運動訓練課程,並檢視其對大學視覺障礙學生健康體適能的影響。使用單一受試法跨受試多基線設計,以臺北市某大學三位視覺障礙學生為研究對象,進行共 8 週、每週 3 堂、每堂約 50分鐘的個別化跑步機運動訓練課程,搜集研究對象在基線期、介入期和維持期的相關資料,進行視覺分析和 C 統計分析。結果個別化跑步機訓練課程對大部分視覺障礙學生的心肺耐力有立即與持續之成效,肌肉適能、BMI、柔軟度亦皆能達顯著水準並維持成效。可知個別化跑步機運動訓練課程可以改善大學視覺障礙學生之健康體適能。
This study focuses on an investigation of the efficacy of healthy physical fitness training among students with visual impairment. An eight-week individualized treadmill training program was developed, , and each week consisted of three fifty-minute sessions. The study was conducted by using multiple baselines across a subject research design, based on a single subject research design. Three subjects with visual impairment were selected from a university in Taipei. The data were collected in three main phases through the process-baseline, intervention and maintenance periods, then these were analyzed by visual analysis as well as C statistic. Results were discussed through this study, including both the instant and maintained effects on the subjects' cardiorespiratory endurance abilities of from the individualized treadmill training program. There were maintained effects on their abilities of muscle strength from the individualized treadmill training program, and the results reached significant levels. There were maintained effects on subjects' maintenance of body mass index from the individualized treadmill training program, and the result reached significant levels. There were maintained effects on flexibility from the individualized treadmill training program, and the results reached significant level. Overall, an individualized treadmill training program can enhance the efficacy of healthy physical fitness practices among students with visual impairment.

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