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A study of technical art program for junior high school students in Taoyuan County
Practical Art Education
Technical Arts Educational Program
Abstract The purpose of this research aimed to understand the current implementation of junior high school Technical Arts Education Program in Taoyuan County in terms of organization function, teachers, curriculum materials, school facilities, student’s learning and budget usage. The data were collected comprehensively by means of “ The Interview Outline of Current Implementation of Technical Art Program in Junior High Schools in Taoyuan” and two self-edited questionnaires, respectively entitled “Current Implementation of Junior High School Technical Art Program in Taoyuan County” and “Learning Satisfaction of Junior High School Students in Technical Art Program in Taoyuan County.” One thousand one hundred and ninety effective questionnaires have returned, including 1095 from students, 55 from teachers and 40 from school administrators. The data obtained were statistically analyzed by percentage, ranking, mean value, frequency distribution, t-test, ANOVA and Scheffe’ method for posterior comparison. Together with data collected from open questions and face-to-face interviews, the results have been organized and concluded as follows. A) The implementation of Technical Arts Educational Program is highly valued in Taoyuan County. It was strongly promoted while being implemented and reached a beneficial effect. B) The Technical Arts Educational Program have been carefully planned and successfully set up 2- 4 career groups according to students’ willingness, school environment, industry characteristics in terms of students recruitment, selective hours, numbers of career groups to be set up, the way of dividing class, selective time, implementing measure, etc. This corresponds to the ideal concepts of the technical arts education reform plan and greatly benefits junior high school students. C) In respect of the teachers, 82.1 percent of them are “High school or Vocational School teachers” while 12. 8% are from “Junior High School”. Also, 76.9% of the teachers in this program possess the professional licenses of career groups. D) In respect of curriculum materials, teachers can generally select or compile teaching materials which reply to students’ need. E) In respect of school facilities, the planning of location, teaching materials and media are accorded with teaching requirements. F) In respect of budget usage, the subsidy provided by the government was ample in general and therefore enhance the efficacy of Technical Arts Educational Program, which in favor of the implementation and promotion of Junior High School Technical Arts Program. G) In respect of students’ learning, the mean of overall learning satisfaction of Technical Arts Educational Program is 3.77, which indicates that implementation of Technical Arts Educational Programs in Taoyuan County received a high contentment in students’ learning. As far as the current implementation of Technical Arts Educational Programs in Taoyuan County is concerned, at lease two career groups are offered for technique-inclined students per semester and students’ willingness is often taken into consideration. Usually conducted through cooperation, Technical Arts Educational Program has generally accomplished the goals fixed by the government and comprehensively received support and approval. It is recommended to expand this program continuously. The writer has provided some suggestions based on the conclusions which are drawn from this research in order to offer references for Taoyuan Educational Bureau and schools. Key Word: Practical Art Education, Technical Arts Educational Program,Learning Satisfaction
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