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The Study on Risk Behaviors in Road Traffic of Junior High School Students in Taiwan
junior high school students
本研究主要以調查研究法來進行，針對台灣本島地區716所國中進行抽樣，依據學校地理區域及學校城鄉類型劃分方式進行調查研究，共計抽出49所學校，寄發問卷1,764份，有效問卷1,498份，回收率為84.9%，並將蒐集之資料利用SPSS11.0 for Windows統計應用軟體程式進行統計處理與資料分析，主要利用次數分配、百分比、平均數、標準差、獨立樣本t考驗與單因子變異數分析進行統計分析。
The purpose of this study was to understand the road traffic risk behaviors of junior high school students in Taiwan. The study discussed the topic from three aspects of road users, the roles of pedestrian, driver and passenger. The objectives were to discuss the following: 1. Investigate the current road traffic risk behaviors of junior high school students on basic cognition, cognitive degree and behave frequency in Taiwan. 2. The difference in the cognitive degree of risk behaviors and behave frequency of junior high school students in road traffic based on background variables. 3. The difference in cognitive degree of risk behaviors of junior high school students in road traffic based on the behave frequency of risk behaviors in road traffic. Provide suggestions of improving the road traffic environment and reinforcing the road traffic safety education to relative authorities. This study adopted survey research method and randomly sampled from 716 junior high schools in Taiwan. The survey was conducted based on classification of school districts and zones. A total of 49 schools were randomly selected and surveyed. A total of 1,764 surveys were distributed and 1,498 were returned; a return rate of 84.9%. The data was then compiled and entered into a statistics software program, SPSS11.0 for Windows, where the information was tallied and analyzed. Methods of frequency distribution, percentage, average mean, standard deviation, t-test and one-way ANOVA were used for statistical analysis. The results were as follows: 1. A difference is shown in cognitive degree of risk behaviors of junior high school students in road traffic based on background variables. 2. A difference is shown in behave frequency of risk behaviors of junior high school students in road traffic based on background variables. 3. A difference is shown in cognitive degree of risk behaviors of junior high school students in road traffic based on behave frequency of risk behaviors in road traffic. Finally, the conclusions and data were compiled and provided to education and transportation authorities, educators, pedestrians (junior high school students) for reference, and suggestions were proposed for future research.
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