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The Relationships among Internal Locus of Control, Exploration Orientation Leadership, Work Stress and Organizational loyalty -The Case of Medical Devices Industry in Taiwan
exploration orientation leadership
Innovation is needed to a firm to generate, accept, and implement new ideas, processes, products, or services that drive a firm's success in the marketplace. The medical equipment industry in Taiwan was in the face of international competition in red supply chain, and innovation was counted for their employees to sustain business. Based on person-job fit theory, this need to study the primary psychological factors on the correlates of individuals’ personality (i.e., introvert), exploration orientation leadership and working pressures (i.e., psychological and physiological) to their organization’s loyalty. 257 samples of questionnaires have been usefully collected form medical equipment industry and were subjected to confirmatory factor analysis with structural equation model. The research results were: (1) Most participants in this study are introverts. The high level of introvert personality ones have, the low level of sensitive towards work stress they would have. (2) The leadership with high level of exploration orientation participants perceived, the low level of two type work stress they would have. (3) The high level of two type work stress the participants have, the lower the enterprise loyalty they have. (4) The more participants are introverts, the higher level of exploration orientation leadership they would be. (5) The psychological pressure was positively related to physiological stress. (6) Introvert personality and exploration orientation leadership could positively predict enterprise loyalty mediated by work stress. According to the research result, this study suggests that supervisors need to reduce employees’ work stress by practicing exploration orientation leadership; or hire employees with high level of introvert personality.
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