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Associational Study on the Intelligence, Creative Cognition, and Technological Creativity of Junior High School Students: The Case of Creative Lamp Production
The purpose of this study was to explore and understand the relations among intelligence factors, creative cognition, and technological creativity. The research was conducted by investigating 225 ninth-grade students in YongHe junior high school, New Taipei City, Taiwan. The data collected from the surveys including “Intelligence Test for junior high School students”, "Scale of Creative Cognition”, and “Technological Creativite Production Test” were analyzed using Student’s t-test, one-way analysis of variance(ANOVA), and canonical correlation analysis. The findings of the research were summarized as below: 1. Intelligent ability and the creative cognitive process were significantly correlative. Among the intelligence factors, the language reasoning ability is most related to the creative cognitive process. 2. Intelligent ability was significantly correlated with the performance of the technological creativity. Among the intelligence factors, the language reasoning ability is the most correlative factor associated with technological creativity. 3. Although low correlation existed between the creative cognitive process and the technological creativity, “categorical reduction” and “exploratory” were identified as key processes affecting the performance of the technological creativity. 4. The gender in technology creative performance is significantly different, and the girls outperformed the boys. Recommendations derived based on this study are expected to facilitate the improvement of teaching and the advances in educational research.
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