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Title: 國中生智力因素、創意認知與科技創造力表現之關聯性研究—以創意燈具製作為例
Associational Study on the Intelligence, Creative Cognition, and Technological Creativity of Junior High School Students: The Case of Creative Lamp Production
Authors: 張玉山
Keywords: 智力
technological creativity
creative cognition
Issue Date: 2012
Abstract: 本研究旨在探究國中階段學生的智力因素、創意認知歷程與科技創造力的關係,以智力測驗、創意認知歷程與科技創造力表現進行關聯性研究。研究對象為新北市立永和國中九年級225位學生,研究工具包含國民中學智力測驗、創意認知歷程量表與自編之科技創作測驗,並以t考驗、單因子變異數分析、典型相關等統計方法加以分析。本研究主要發現如下: 1. 智力程度與創意認知歷程之間有關聯性。智力因素中,語文推理能力與創意認知歷程構面最密切關聯。 2. 智力程度與科技創造力表現有關聯性。智力因素中,語文推理能力與科技創造力的關聯程度最高。 3. 創意認知歷程與科技創造力表現典型相關程度低。然而,在創意認知歷程中,「簡化」與「探索」兩個階段仍是影響科技創造力表現的關鍵因素。 4. 在本研究中,不同性別在科技創造力表現上有差異,且女生表現優於男生。 最後,本研究根據研究發現,提出建議事項,供教育人員教學應用及學術研究參考。
The purpose of this study was to explore and understand the relations among intelligence factors, creative cognition, and technological creativity. The research was conducted by investigating 225 ninth-grade students in YongHe junior high school, New Taipei City, Taiwan. The data collected from the surveys including “Intelligence Test for junior high School students”, "Scale of Creative Cognition”, and “Technological Creativite Production Test” were analyzed using Student’s t-test, one-way analysis of variance(ANOVA), and canonical correlation analysis. The findings of the research were summarized as below: 1. Intelligent ability and the creative cognitive process were significantly correlative. Among the intelligence factors, the language reasoning ability is most related to the creative cognitive process. 2. Intelligent ability was significantly correlated with the performance of the technological creativity. Among the intelligence factors, the language reasoning ability is the most correlative factor associated with technological creativity. 3. Although low correlation existed between the creative cognitive process and the technological creativity, “categorical reduction” and “exploratory” were identified as key processes affecting the performance of the technological creativity. 4. The gender in technology creative performance is significantly different, and the girls outperformed the boys. Recommendations derived based on this study are expected to facilitate the improvement of teaching and the advances in educational research.
Other Identifiers: GN0695710034
Appears in Collections:學位論文

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