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The trends of Education for Sustainable Development and the Study of Sustainable Development of Knowledge and Attitude of Junior High School students in Taiwan
Judy Chen-Yueh Chang
education for sustainable development
the social studies area
五、社會人口學變項與永續發展教育知識關聯性方面：「性別」、「年齡」、「母親職業類別」三變項經卡方檢定(Chi-square test) 獨立性考驗後，具有統計上顯著相關。
六、社會人口學變項與永續發展教育態度關聯性方面：「性別」、「年齡」、「母親教育程度」、「父親職業類別」、「母親職業類別」、「學校環保頻率」六個變項經卡方檢定(Chi-square test) 獨立性考驗後，具有統計上顯著相關。|
The purposesof this study were to investigate the knowledge and values of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) for junior high school in Taiwan. The purposes also made a relevant analysis between knowledge, attitude and socioeconomic background. This research first review for the contexts of ESD and clarified the relationship between ESD and Environmental Education. Secondly, my research referred to the competence indicators of the Social Studies Area and Environmental Education of the Grade 1-9 Curriculum in Taiwan. Thirdly, this research conducted a questionnaire survey in order to explore the implementation of ESD in Taiwan. The subjects were sampled from one public junior high school in Taipei city. After the questionnaires were administered to the sample of 553 students for collecting data, the study got 426 valid questionnaires. The main conclusions of the study were as follows: 1.The subjects had good scores on the knowledge of ESD, and the average correct rate was 80.28%. 2.The subjects had good scores on the attitude of ESD, and most of answers were “Satisfaction”(43.37%). 3.Age was highly significant to knowledge of ESD of junior high school students. The higher grade had the higher level of understanding. 4.Gender and Mother’s level of education were highly significant to attitude of ESD. The average satisfaction score of boys was higher than girls’. The satisfaction score of junior high school students who Mother’s level of education as a “University” was the highest. 5.By the independence test of Chi-square test, we discovered that gender, age and Mother occupation were highly significant to the knowledge of ESD. 6.By the independence test of Chi-square test, this research discovered that gender, age, Mother’s level of education, Father occupation, Mother occupation, and the Frequency of Environmental Protection at School were highly significant to the attitude of ESD.
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