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The Forestry Development and Influence of Mt. Ba-Xian Timber Land and Mt. Da-Xue Timber Land
Mt. Ba-Xian Timber Land
Mt. Da-Xue Timber Land
the Japanese forestry exploitation style
the American forestry exploitation style
The systematic and scientific operation of Taiwan’s forestry started from the Japanese ruled period. The Japanese government, following the world trend, intended to make the Taiwan forestry as the normal forest model. At the end of Japanese ruled period, Taiwan’s forests had been over exploited due to the large demand during the war. Thus, it had to stop cutting trees temporarily at the beginning of the ROC government. However, the ROC government following the normal forest model exploited the forestry again because of the economical demands. Yet the exploitation of Taiwan’s forestry shifted from the Japanese normal forest model to the American style as Americans started to offer their economical support. The two cases of the present study— Mt. Ba-Xian Timber Land and Mt. Da-Xue Timber Land could display the differences between the Japanese exploitation style and the American style. The Mt. Ba-Xian Timber Land and the Mt. Da-Xue Timber Land, located in central Taiwan, both have vertical transformation of their primitive forests. The southern group and northern group of the Atayal Tribe are the first one to enter the area of these two timber lands. The image of the forests stayed almost the same because the Atayal people made little use of the forests. During the Ching Dynasty and the Japanese ruled period, the Han people required more camphor woods. They cut off a large amount of camphors to make the oil and adopted the lands as the cultivated ones and villages. Therefore, the primitive forestry was unable to see after the development of the Han people. However, the temperate tree species like pines, China firs, and junipers were unable to exploit because of the exploitation skills and their habitats. It was not until the Japanese ruled period did Taiwan forestry development focus on the temperate tree species. The Mt. Ba-Xian Timber Land is an official timber land whose focus was on the coniferous wood because of the Japanese’s large demand. The felling and extraction plan including the equipments and developments mostly depended on the labor power. The transportation of the woods mainly relied on the railway and skyline system. So the Mt. Ba-Xian Timber Land was unable to carry out a large-scale clear-cutting and some forests still kept some original tree species. Also, the consequence of the afforestation was not as good as expected. Thus, the Mt. Ba-Xien Timber Land looked more like the mixture of the primitive and planted forests. On the other hand, the Mt. Da-Xue Timber Land is a model timber land following the American forestry strategy to increase the output of woods. This timber land worked out with the help of the American air navigation skills. As for the cutting strategies, the Mt. Da-Xue Timber Land adopted the American exploitation skills and equipments, such as chain saws, high-lead system, trucks, standardization and initial manufacturing. This increased the efficiency of cutting quite a lot. Moreover, the forest trails enabled people to enter more forest areas. The small-scale clear-out strategy also made the primitive forests disappear. During the afforestation process, the Mt. Da-Xue Timber Land also utilized the American strategies to grow seedlings with plastics in two phases, which increases the chances to make artificial forests. Because of the clear-out strategy and the new skills to grow seedlings, the Mt. Da-Xue Timber Land appeared more like the planted forests.
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