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A Study on the Risk Perception of Technological hazards of the Residents Near the Houli Base of the Central Taiwan Science Park
More and more technology facilities development brought highly growing economy and convenience to society, while the hazards and pollution incidents also increased. Through the transformation of industry and economy in Taiwan, the high-tech industry has become the major part of Taiwan's industrial development; hence, more and more science parks have been planned and established. The Houli base of the Central Taiwan Science Park has been established since 2006, and many local people live near the science park. The purposes of this study are to explore the residents' risk perception of technological hazards, analyze the factors affecting residents' risk perception and understand the disaster prevention and adaptation behavior of communities and residents facing technological hazards. This study conducted a questionnaire survey for residents of eight communities near Houli base and 331 valid questionnaires were collected finally. According to the findings in this study, the residents think that the risk of hazards or pollution caused by the Houli base is medium to high and air pollution is regarded to have the greatest chance to occur and bring most serious impact. In addition, residents also think that the major hazard or pollution caused by Houli base will impact on human health dimension. The following factors that will affect residents' perception of the risk were further analyzed and explained, including: gender, number of family, presence of young children at home, living time, career, working at Houli base or not, having industrial disaster experiences or not, the distance between factories and home, and having participated in the post-base disaster prevention drill or not. In terms of social vulnerability based on interviews, data collection, and questionnaire results, the communities and local residents have weak self-efficacy to against technological hazards. Insufficient information exchange and mistrust between Houli base authority and local residents have resulted in the low coping capacities of communities and weak adaptation behavior of residents.
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