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The Study on the Correlations between the Cognition on Food and Farming Education and the Breakfast Behavior of the Junior High School Students in Taipei City
Food and Farming Education
junior high school students
本研究採量化的研究方法，運用自編問卷為研究工具。在樣本資料收集上，以分層隨機抽樣方式，在台北市十二個區中抽取八年級學生進行問卷發放與施測，總計回收有效樣本數為893份。所得資料以描述性統計、獨立樣本 t 檢定、單因子變異數分析、雪費法事後分析、卡方分析進行資料分析。
The promotion of Food and Farming Education is important for junior high school students in Taiwan, and adolescents in the critical period are experiencing the important phase to build their values in eating habits. Therefore it’s very crucial to improve people’s awareness of Food and Farming Education. This research is mainly aimed to investigate the cognition on Food and Farming Education, the breakfast behavior and the correlation among two mentioned dimensions of the junior high school students in Taipei City. The variable of the participant’s background and correlations between the external factors and the breakfast behavior are also analyzed. This study is based on the questionnaire concerned about the cognition on Food and Farming Education and the breakfast behavior which are designed in this quantitative study. Stratified random sampling is used to collect the data of the eighth-graders from 12 districts of Taipei City. Finally, 893 valid questionnaires were collected and SPSS Statistics software was used to implement descriptive statistics, independent-sample t test, one way ANOVA, Scheffé's method, and Pearson's chi-squared test. The results indicated that the junior high school students in Taipei City had fair scores of cognition on Food and Farming Education. It’s not serious about “No Eating Breakfast” because most of the students had the habit of eating breakfast. No matter homemade or take-out, most of the food was made from wheat. The finding also showed that there were significant difference among the cognition on Food and Farming Education, the breakfast behavior and respondents’ variables, including parent’s education background. Furthermore, there was significant correlation between the scores of cognition on Food and Farming Education and eating habits, but no significant correlation between the scores of cognition on Food and Farming Education and Food composition.
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