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A Study on the Policy Implementation of Social Enterprise Action Plan on Incubation
Social Enterprise Action Plan
Since the 20th century, a series of economic crises have broken out. In order to solve the problems triggered by market failure, government failure, and voluntary failure, the United States and many European countries regard social enterprise as one of the solutions to those problems, and it has become a trend in the reformation of society and economy. Social enterprise is a developing issue in Taiwan and is at an early stage of development, so the Taiwanese Government, including the Ministry of Economic Affairs, the Ministry of Labor and other related government organizations, has enforced the “Social Enterprise Action Plan” to found a friendly ecosystem for social enterprises. Among the Plan, the strategy of building a platform and an incubation strategy are the main elements. However, research on social enterprise policy in Taiwan is scarce, although realizing the outcome and influence of policy planning and implementation on social enterprises is important. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to explore the practices of social enterprise incubation in the “Social Enterprise Action Plan,” the situation of policy implementation, and how the Plan responds to social enterprises. Furthermore, policy recommendations about the incubation of social enterprise and integration of policy resources will be derived from the study. This study uses qualitative research methods and consults: two government units, two social enterprise incubation platforms raised by the government, three representative users of the social enterprise incubation platform, and three additional experts and scholars. The interview outline was designed to address the research question and the literature was collected accordingly. The conclusion is based on the discussion and analysis of the interviews, literature and documents. The results show that the practice of social enterprise incubation in the “Social Enterprise Action Plan” is familiar to the approaches to developing social enterprise that are proposed by Cheng. The outcome and influence of incubation and platform strategies in the “Social Enterprise Action Plan” are obviously successful and provide what social enterprises need; however, some problems still remain to be resolved. Based on the research findings and conclusions derived from them, this study proposes short and long-term policy recommendations related to the social enterprise incubation platform. It is expected that the government will use this study for reference during policymaking, in order to create a better policy network and an environment that is conducive to the development of social enterprises in Taiwan.
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