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future time perspective
The purposes of this study were to investigate the differences of future time perspective, perceived instrumentality and self-regulated learning of college students in different demographic variables, and the correlation among each other. Study samples are collected from 1314 of college students in Taiwan. All the participants completed the Future Time Perspective Scale, Perceived Instrumentality Scale and Self-Regulated Learning Questionnaire. Through the descriptive statistics, MANOVA, Pearson correlation analysis, canonical correlational analysis and multiple regression analysis, the main findings of the study are as follows: 1. The situation of college student’s future time perspective, perceived instrumentality and self-regulated learning are general good and positive. 2. The future time perspective of college students varied significantly in the grade, birth order and social economic status；The perceived instrumentality of college students varied significantly in the grade；The self-regulated learning of college students varied significantly in the grade, birth order and social economic status. 3. There were significant positive relationship between the future time perspective and self-regulated learning. 4. There was one significant canonical correlation between the perceived instrumentality and self-regulated learning. 5. There were significant positive relationship between the future time perspective iv and perceived instrumentality. 6. Endogenous instrumentality could partially mediate future time perspective and self-regulated learning. 7. Exogenous instrumentality could partially mediate future time perspective and self-regulated learning. According to the findings of this study, suggestions are provided to schools, students, and further researches.
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