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The Relationships among Humorous Style, Gelotophobia, and Mental Health of Secondary Education Students with Hearing Impairment
Students with Hearing Impairment
The study is to explore the relationship between humorous style, gelotophobia and mental health among students with hearing impairment in inclusive classroom of secondary education. Questionnaire survey was used and 180 cpoies（108 students with hearing impairment and 72 students with general hearing） were distribute to students in secondary education stage with purposive sampling in Taipei City, New North City and Taoyuan City. The instruments applied in this study are Humor Styles Questionnaire-Traditional Chinese Scale, PhoOhiKat-Traditional Chinese Scale and Positive Mental Health Scale. The researcher used descriptive statistics, cluster analysis, one-way ANOVA, and Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient to analysis. The conclusions are as follows: 1. On affiliative humor and self-enhancing humor, students with general hearing is significantly higher than students with hearing impairment. 2. The study performed a cluster analysis using Humor Styles Questionnaire and revealed three types of humor styles: positive humor endorsers, humor deniers, and negative humor endorsers. Students with general hearing are a higher proportion of "positive humor endorsers", while students with hearing impairment have a higher proportion of "humor deniers". 3. On gelotophobia, there is no significant difference between students with general hearing and students with hearing impairment. On interpersonal relationship, students with general hearing is significantly higher than students with severe hearing impairment. On emotional balance, students with general hearing is significantly higher than students with mild to moderate hearing impairment. 4. On gelotophobia, students with hearing impairment who were positive humor endorsers is significantly lower than students with hearing impairment who were negative humor endorsers. 5. On interpersonal relationship, students with hearing impairment who were positive humor endorsers is significantly higher than students with hearing impairment who were humor deniers. On optimism and eagerness, students with hearing impairment who were positive humor endorsers is significantly higher than students with hearing impairment who were humor deniers and negative humor endorsers. 6. For students with hearing impairment, affiliative humor is negatively correlation with gelotophobia. Affiliative humor and self-enhancing humor are positively correlation with gelotophilia. Aggressive humor is positively correlation with katagelasticism. Self-defeating humor is positively correlation with gelotophobia, gelotophilia, and katagelasticism. 7. For students with hearing impairment, affiliative humor and self-enhancing humor are positively correlation with mental health. On the other hand, gelotophobia is negatively correlation with mental health. Based on the findings of the study, the recommendations for teaching, counseling, and future research are proposed for reference.
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