Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/90160
Title: 臺北市額滿國中鄰里效應之探討─地理資訊系統在教育研究應用
A Study of Neighborhood Effects on Fully Enrolled Junior High Schools in Taipei City: Applying GIS to Educational Study
Authors: 卯靜儒
陳哲銘
Chin-Ju Mao
Che-Ming Chen
林伯勳
LIN, PO-HSUN
Keywords: 地理資訊系統
鄰里效應
額滿國中
教育選擇權
五力分析
GIS
neighborhood effects
fully enrolled junior high schools
educational choices
5 Forces Analysis
Issue Date: 2009
Abstract: 臺北市額滿國中的出現源自於儒家文化脈絡下的父母,其積極地行使教育選擇權,然而額滿國中所產生的問題為誰可以成為滿額學校的學生?是否有階級群聚的現象?本研究目地旨在探究臺北市額滿國中的鄰里效應。首先藉由獨立樣本T檢定比較額滿國中與非額滿國中升高中升學率的差異。再利用因素分析方式瞭解臺北市額滿國中與非額滿國中,其學區的鄰里的屬性,是否額滿國中學區的鄰里較佳?第三,建立簡單迴歸模型以檢視鄰里效應是否對學校的升學率有影響?最後應用地理資訊系統(GIS)所具有的疊圖分析與熱點分析功能,並依此結果做教育建言。其研究主要發現如下: 一、額滿國中的升學率優於非額滿國中。 二、額滿國中學區的鄰里屬性優於非額滿國中學區的鄰里屬性: 三、額滿國中具競爭優勢。鄰里效應對額滿與非額滿國中皆有影響,但對額滿國中的效果更強烈。 四、教育當局應給予積極性差別待遇幫助這些最不利的鄰里。
In Taipei City, fully enrolled junior high schools result from the educational choice in the Confucian context, but who can enroll in the fully enrolled junior high school? Do students of a socioeconomics flock together? The research aims at probing into the neighborhood effects on fully enrolled junior high schools in Taipei City. First, we use T-test to understand if the ratio of students in fully enrolled junior high schools entering senior high schools is better than that of those in not fully enrolled junior high schools. Secondly, we apply factor analysis to seeing what the attributes of neighborhoods in the districts of fully enrolled and not fully enrolled junior high schools are. Are the ones of fully enrolled junior high schools better than not fully enrolled junior high schools? Thirdly, we build simple linear regression models to examine if neighborhood effects work? Fourthly, we apply Geographic Information Systems (GIS) with overlay analysis and hotspot analysis, and make suggestions by the results. The major findings are as follows: 1. The ratio of students in fully enrolled junior high schools entering senior high schools is better than that of those in not fully enrolled junior high schools. 2. The attributes of neighborhoods in the district of fully enrolled junior high schools are better. Students of higher socioeconomics flock together. 3. Fully enrolled junior high schools take advantage of advantaged neighbors. The neighborhood effects do work on both fully enrolled and not fully enrolled junior high schools and shift the ratio of students entering senior high schools. The effects are stronger on fully enrolled junior high schools. 4. The authorities should give positive discrimination to help the most disadvantaged place.
URI: http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=%22http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=id=%22GN0696000266%22.&%22.id.&
http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/90160
Other Identifiers: GN0696000266
Appears in Collections:學位論文

Files in This Item:
File SizeFormat 
n069600026601.pdf3.59 MBAdobe PDFView/Open


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.