Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/90050
Title: 一所兒童中心學校經營的個案研究
A Case Study of the School Management of a Child-Centered School
Authors: 潘慧玲
林敬倫
Keywords: 兒童中心
學校經營
child-centered
school management
Issue Date: 2007
Abstract: 本研究旨在探究兒童中心學校的經營情況,所選取的研究對象是一所含納國中、國小、幼稚園於同一校內的私立小型學校,所採用的研究取徑是質性個案研究,並透過觀察、訪談、文件分析等方式蒐集實徵資料。研究目的包括探究個案學校的兒童中心教育理念,暸解其如何在學校經營中落實教育理念,以及分析在學校經營中落實教育理念所面臨的困境與因應之道,最後歸納研究發現,提出未來教育研究的相關建議。 綜合言之,研究本個案學校所獲致的結論如下: 一、兒童中心教育理念關注於學生的適性學習、階段發展、權益維護與環境的影響等四面向。 二、教育領導著重於兒童中心教育理念的宣達、理念落實後的視導以及教師專業成長的工作。 三、行政運作是透過各部門的互助合作與支援性的措施來協助兒童中心教育理念的落實。 四、多元的課程安排與特殊的教學常模彰顯兒童學習的主體性。 五、適切的空間規劃與時間安排有利兒童的身心發展。 六、制度與人的配合是影響教育理念落實的關鍵。 七、師資的高流動率與理念內化不易是學校經營的主要困境。 八、暢通溝通管道與多方獎勵是因應困境的重要策略。 九、關鍵領導者因應不同的時空脈絡調整學校的經營方向。 根據以上結論,本研究提出對國民中小學、主管教育行政機關及後續研究的建議: 一、對國民中小學的建議 (一)對個案學校的建議 1. 強化教職員對學校教育理念的認同感。 2. 加強人際溝通與資訊交流。 3. 建立學習社群。 4. 思考學校未來發展並尋求支援。 (二)對其他學校的建議 1. 關注學生在受教歷程中的主體性。 2. 建立理念分享的平台。 3. 定期評鑑教育理念落實的情況。 4. 加強資深教職員師徒制的建立。 二、對主管教育行政機關的建議 (一)協助推廣各校的教育理念。 (二)給予不同理念與特色的學校適當補助。 (三)針對不同類型的學校建立適切的評鑑標準。 三、對後續相關研究的建議 (一)可從微觀的面向探討學校教育理念的落實,如教師或學生的觀點。 (二)可針對不同理念與特色的學校進行學校經營的研究。 (三)以參與者角色,進行行動研究。
This study aims to examine the management of a child-centered school. This case study chooses a private and small school named Star-star as the research subject. Star-star school caters children of junior high school, elementary school and kindergarten. Observation, interview and document analysis are used to collect empirical data. There are four main purposes of this study: (1) to investigate the educational concept of the child-centered school; (2) to understand how the educational concept is practiced in school management; (3) to identify the problems encountered during the process of practicing educational concept in school management and find out some possible solutions; (4) to provide suggestions on educational reforms according to the findings of this study. The findings of this case study are as follows: 1. The child-centered concept focuses on adaptive learning, developmental stages, maintenance of rights and interests, and influence of environment. 2. Educational leadership focuses on the promotion of child-center concept, the supervision after practicing the concept, and the professional development of teachers. 3. Administrative operation helps to carry out the child-center concept by cooperation among every department and some supportive measures. 4. Multiple curriculum arrangements and special teaching models strengthen students’ subjectivity in their learning process. 5. Appropriate space and time arrangement is helpful to children’s physical and mental development. 6. The integration between system and people is the key factor that influences the practice of educational concepts. 7. High mobility of teachers and difficulty in internalizing educational concepts are the main problems encountered in the school management of Star-star school. 8. Improving ways of communication and providing various rewards are important strategies to solve the problems. 9. The key leader adapts the direction of school management to different contexts. Based on the research findings, several suggestions for educational administrative authorities, elementary and junior high schools, and further studies are as follows: 1. Suggestions for elementary and junior high schools: (1)Suggestions for Star-star school. (a)Enhance staff’s identification with the educational concept of the school. (b)Enhance interpersonal communication and exchange of information. (c)Set up learning communities. (d)Plan future development of the school and searching for assistance. (2)Suggestions for other schools. (a)Pay attention to students’ subjectivity in the learning process. (b)Set up a platform for sharing educational concepts. (c)Evaluate the practice of educational concepts regularly. (d)Build up a mentoring system. 2. Suggestions for educational administrative authorities: (1)Promote the educational concepts of other schools. (2)Give proper subsidies to schools with different educational concepts and features. (3)Setting appropriate standards of evaluation for different types of schools. 3. Suggestions for further studies: (1)Explore the practice of educational concepts from a micro viewpoint, such as teachers’ or students’ points of view. (2)Conduct surveys on schools with different educational concepts and features. (3)Adopt action-research approach from a participant’s point of view.
URI: http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=%22http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=id=%22GN0693000021%22.&%22.id.&
http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/90050
Other Identifiers: GN0693000021
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