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A Study of Leadership Traits for an Ideal Principal From the viewpoint of Teachers of Junior High Schools in Hsinchiu County District
Junior high school principal
ideal leadership trait
viewpoint of teacher
The purposes of this study were to investigate leadership traits of an ideal principal at Junior High School in HsinChiu County District, and to compare and analyze the differences of these leadership traits of the principals among various groups. The quantitative data from questionnaire survey were used in this study. The questionnaire was focused on the leadership traits in three aspects of “Person”,” Matter”, and “Materials and Finance.” The 457 subjects were randomly sampled from teachers who were teaching at 29 different junior high schools in Hsinchiu county school district. The data obtained was statistically treated by “descriptive statistics”, “Independent-Sample t Test”, and “one -way analysis of variance and Scheffe method of multiple comparisons.” The main findings of this study were as follows: 1.In aspect of Person , “The Integrity and MutualTrust” was the most important leadership trait for being an considerable principal. 2.In aspect of Matter , “Positive Hard Working Attitude and Responsible Manner” was the most important leadership trait for being an competent principal. 3.In aspect of Materials and Finance , “Uncorrupted and Selfless” was the most important leadership trait for being an expected principal. 4.In all the leadership traits of principals in the aspects of “Person” and “Materials and Finance”, the scores of female teachers were higher than those of male teachers. 5.In all the leadership traits of principals in aspects of “Person” , “Matter”, and “Materials and Finance”, the scores of “group of 30 years old teachers”, “group of 31-40 years old teachers” and “group of 41-50 years old teachers” were higher than those of “group of over 51 years old teachers.” 6.In all the leadership traits of principals in the aspect of “Materials and Finance”, the scores of teachers who graduated from general universities were higher than those of teachers who graduated from normal universities and educational universities. 7.In all the leadership traits of principals in the aspect of “Person”, the scores of teachers who participate in administrative works and classroom teacher works were higher than those of general teachers 8.In all the leadership traits of principals in the aspect of “Person”, the scores of teachers who taught at schools under 15 years were higher than those of teachers who had taught at schools more than 45 years. Some recommendations were suggested for administration officers, principals, and future studies.
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