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Action Research on Designing and Implementing competency-oriented School-Based Curriculum by using UbD Model
UbD curriculum design model
In the year of 2019, the Taiwan Government will implement the "Curriculum Guidelines of 12-Year Basic Education". This outline is different from the original edition - "Grade 1-9 Curriculum Guideliness", the focus will change from "basic competence" to "core competency". So, how teachers design core competency-oriented courses in the new curriculum becomes the top priority. Besides, the school which researcher serves take social field as the main item of the school-based curriculum, and in line with the geographical location of the school, the history and geography evolvement of “Dadaocheng” becomes an important learning content. Based on the above two points, how to design the course by combining with the theme of “Dadaocheng” and “core competency-oriented teaching” is a major task for researcher. The purpose of this study is to explore the applicability of the UbD curriculum design model to design a competency-oriented school-based curriculum, and its impact on teacher curriculum design. This study used the action research method, the subjects were the seventh-grade students in the school which researcher serves. UbD method was incorporated during the curriculum designing process, and the teaching implementation and improvement were carried out in three classes. Through classroom observation, teaching reflection, and interviews with teachers, the data were collected and analyzed. The conclusions were as follows: using UbD method in design and implementation of competency-oriented school-based curriculum is feasible and practical. It can be used as an alternative tool for teacher curriculum design. This study also summarizes the advantages of teachers familiar with using UbD curriculum design methods, it can be the reference for improving the willingness of teachers in using UbD method in the future.
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