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Promoting School Improvement Through School-based Management: A Case Study on High School Actualization Program
School Actualization Program
High School Actualization Program is a school-improvement program promoted in seeking to implement Taiwan’s twelve-year basic education policy. This program has been applied for nearly a decade. One of the major standards requested applicant schools to adopt and practice the school-based management in each individual school. This requirement indicates the importance of school-based management to promoting such programs. Hence, this research aims to investigate the effects of school-based management to the operation of school improvement programs, studying two high schools in the northern part of Taiwan as cases. Based on school improvement and school-based management theories, the model, strategy, and efficacy of school actualization program in the two studied cases were inducted, and the importance and purpose of school-based management to school improvement were furthermore analyzed. The research procedure adopted document-analysis and interview as data collecting methods. Twelve educational staffs in total were interviewed, including two principals from two case-schools, office director, two section chiefs, and two teachers, all of whom had participated in the above mentioned program. The research results are as follows: 1.The needs to promote school improvement programs derives from challenges of the changes in national policy and education environment. 2.The key to promoting school improvement programs lies in school change-agents. 3.The anticipated effects of school improvement could be made and adjusted through the actualization of school-based management. 4.School-based management includes functions of reflection and modification, enabling the sustainability of school improvement programs. 5.The mission for education is key to sustain High School Actualization Program.
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