Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/89433
Title: 臺北縣市國民中學九年一貫課程教科書選用制度之研究
A Study on Textbook Selection System of the Night-year-integrated-curriculum in Junior High School in Taipei City and County
Authors: 譚光鼎
TanKuangTing
康瀚文
KangHanWen
Keywords: 九年一貫課程
教科書
教科書選用
Night-year-integrated-curriculum
textbook
textbook selection
Issue Date: 2003
Abstract: 本研究的目的在瞭解台北縣市公立國民中學各領域教師、學校裡參與教科書選用過程的相關行政人員與家長代表等人對國中教科書的選用的看法、問題與建議。研究方法採問卷調查、半結構式訪談等研究方法對現階段九年一貫課程教科書選用制度進行研究。研究步驟方面,先蒐集教科書選用的相關文獻進行探討與分析,以形成問卷編製與訪談問題的基礎;之後依據文獻所得編製問卷,並在台北縣市以叢集隨機抽樣抽出41所公立國民中學加以施測;之後以文獻所得、問卷結果進行半結構式訪談,進一步了解真實的學校情境脈絡下,學校教師、行政人員與家長對於教科書選用制度的看法、問題與建議。最後依上述所得研究結果,提出對現行九年一貫課程國中教科書選用制度的結論與建議。 依據研究結果,本研究提出以下結論: 一、 在教科書選用制度的層級方面 (一)目前國民中學教師仍贊成學校自行選用教科書 (二)教師贊成縣市政府選用與地方學區的選用的比例不高 (三)不同職務與地區的教師對理想上教科書選用負責層級的意見有差異 二、 在教科書選用制度的人員方面 (一)目前學校內參與選用的人員以各領域教師為主 (二)參與教科書選用的人員應以多方參與為主 (三)行政人員應更強調其行政諮詢與協助的角色 (四)教育行政機關必須扮演規範教科書市場的把關角色 三、 在教科書選用制度的流程方面 (一)各校有另外組成專責單位的比例不高 (二)教科書選用的政令宣導與選用前的建立共識部份仍然不足 (三)辦理與教科書選用有關的研習仍有改進的空間 (四)目前選用的主要單位為各領域教學研究會 (五)目前評選教科書的規準由各領域教師設計 (六)教師認為學者專家應協助設計教科書的評選規準 (七)多數教師對目前教科書選用時間長短尚可接受 (八)部份的學校在評選教科書時沒有準備備用版本 (九)部份教師認為學校在選用後並沒有公布說明整個選用過程、理由、與教科書的使用方法 (十)部份教師認為學校在選用後並未對教科書進行評鑑 (十一)各校最常用的評鑑方式是提到各領域研究會上討論 (十二)評鑑後缺乏回饋給教科書出版商的管道 四、 在教科書選用制度的選用規準方面 (一)就整體的選用規準來看,教師對各層面的選用規準均相當重視;唯最重視「內容與組織」的選用規準 (二)出版商因素的好壞是教科書選用的必要條件 五、 在教科書選用制度的選用年限方面 (一)目前各校的教科書選用以一學年選用一次為主 六、 在教科書選用制度的可能相關因素方面 (一)在所有的可能的相關因素裡,教師認為教師個人因素與學生因素影響程度最高 (二)目前學校行政人員係以「各領域教師」、「提供專業意見」兩種角色參與教科書的選用 (三)目前家長的角色多是信賴學校而不提供意見 (四)教科書出版商的影響策略以「提高教科書的附加價值」為主 七、 在教科書選用制度的其他議題方面 (一)大多數的教師傾向於國編本與其他教科書共同競爭教科書市場 (二)半數以上的教師對於現行選用制度與在市場上的教科書並不滿意 (三)參考書與測驗卷的品質令人擔憂 (四)大多數的選用人員對於學校場域裡的選用過程並沒有太多的問題 依據本研究的結論,提出對教育行政機關、學校、教師、與出版商的相關建議。
This study is to explore the opinions, problems, and suggestions on textbook selection from teachers of all domains, and both related school administrators and parent delegates who have joined textbook selection process at school, in public Junior High School in Taipei city and county. This study adopts research methods of a questionnaire survey and semi-structured interviews, etc. to analyze current textbook selection system of the night-year-integrated-curriculum. As for the study steps: firstly collect and analyze documents related to textbook selection, to form the base of compiling questionnaires and interview questions. Secondly, compile questionnaire according to document research results, and via cluster random sampling survey 41 public junior high schools in Taipei City and County. Thirdly, according to the research results of documents and the questionnaires proceed with semi-structured interviews, to comprehend further, under the real school conditions, the opinions, problems, and suggestions on textbook selection system of teachers, administrators and parent delegates at school. Finally, according to these above-mentioned research results bring up conclusions and suggestions towards present junior-high-school textbook selection system of the Night-year-integrated-curriculum. According to the research results, the main conclusion of the study includes: 1. The levels of textbook selection system: (1) Presently teachers of junior high schools still agree with selecting textbook at school level. (2) The ratio of teachers who agree with selecting textbook at levels of county government, city government, or local school district is low. 2. The staffs of textbook selection system: (1) Teachers of each domain play the main roles of the selection at school now. (2) The staffs should join the textbook selection in many ways. (3) The administrators should emphasize more on the consulted and assisted roles. (4) Educational administrative organizations should play the roles which regulate the textbook selection. 3. The procedures of textbook selection system (1) The radio of each school with a specialized organization is not high. (2) The declaration of government order and the formation of common view before selecting textbooks are still not good enough. (3) There’s still some improving space for holding studies on textbook selection. (4) At present the major selecting organizations are each learning domain’s association of instruction study. (5) The standards of evaluating and selecting textbooks are designed by teachers of each domain. (6) Teachers deem that scholars and experts should help them design the standards of evaluating and selecting textbooks. (7) Most teachers can accept current length of the textbook selecting time. (8) Partial schools do not prepare spare versions when evaluating and selecting textbooks. (9) Partial teachers deem that schools do not explain publicly the whole selecting process, reasons, and the textbooks’ usages after the selection. (10) Some teachers consider that schools do not evaluate the textbooks after selecting. (11) The most often adopted evaluating mode is discuss the issue at each domain’s study meeting. (12) There is wanting in the feedback channel to the publishers after the evaluation. 4. The standard of textbook selection system: (1) According to the entire selecting standard, teachers focus a lot on selecting standard of all levels, especially on the selecting standard of “contents and organization”. (2) The good or bad of publishers’ factors is the essential condition of textbook selection. 5. The fixed number of years of the textbook selection system: (1) These days most schools select textbooks once per year. 6. The possible related factors on textbook selection system: (1) Of all possible related factors, teachers deem that teachers’ personal factors and students’ factors affect most. (2) School administrators join the selection as the “teachers of each domain”, “professional opinions providers” now. (3) Presently most parents trust school rather than give any opinions. (4) The main affecting policy of textbook publishers is “raise the additional value of textbooks”. 7. Other issues on textbook selection system: (1) Most teachers prefer national composed version competing with other textbooks in the market. (2) Over half the teachers are not content with both current selection system and the textbooks in the market. (3) The quality of reference books and test papers is worrying. (4) Most selection staffs query few about the selecting process at school field. According to the conclusion of this study, bring up some related suggestions to educational administration organization, schools, teachers, and publishers.
URI: http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=%22http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=id=%22G0069000009%22.&%22.id.&
http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/89433
Other Identifiers: G0069000009
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