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Exploring Recovery and Disability of Schizophrenic Patients
patients with schizophrenia
思覺失調症者在復元階段量表總分、復元過程分數與身心障礙鑑定功能量表的失能總分無顯著相關。但復元結果分數與失能表現總分 (γ=- 33) 及生活情境下能力總分 (γ=- 34) 達顯著負相關。此外，身心障礙鑑定功能量表中社區參與的表現 (γ=- 39) 與生活情境下能力 (γ=- 41) 和復元結果亦有所相關。
Objective： With the rapid development of the recovery movement, patients with schizophrenia have gotten rid of the prejudice of being recoverably challenged and achieve the state of recovery or remission. However, the concept of recovery is in its infanct in most of Asian countries. In addition, there are few researches related to recovery in Taiwan presently. The current study investigated the relevance of recovery situation and functional disability of patients with schizophrenia, in order to provide recovery-oriented services to patients with schizophrenia. Method： 35 participants diagnosed as schizophrenia were recruited from day care ward and outpatient department of a medical center in northern Taiwan. Investigators used the ‘Stage of Recovery Scale’ to identify the recoverable state and the ‘Functioning Scale of the Disability Evaluation System 7.1-Adult version’ to explore the functional severity of schizophrenia. Data were analyzed by Statistical Product and Service Solutions (SPSS) 22.0 statistical software. Results： The scores of overall recovery and process of recovery were not significantly related to the total score of FUNDES7.1-Adult version in people with schizophrenia. However, the score of recoverable outcome is negatively related to the performance (γ=- 33) and capability (γ=- 34) of the total score in FUNDES7.1-Adult version. Besides, it is vivid that performance (γ=- 39) and capability (γ=- 41) of community participation were significantly related to the score of recoverable outcome. Conclusions： The current study demonstrated that the recoverable outcome was related to disability severity and social participation of people with schizophrenia. Therefore, applying a variety of approaches to improve disability severity and providing opportunities with social participation may benefit the recovery of patients with schizophrenia.
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