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Research of University Library Resource Utilization and Quality of Services ---The Case Study of Library of National Taiwan Normal University
Service Quality Scale
Through the time goes by, the users of University libraries gradually view themselves as the “consumers” of the libraries, and expect to receive good services in the libraries. However, the users of University libraries are distinguishing in their backgrounds, therefore their characteristics of utilizing the resource of libraries and their feelings on the quality of services in the libraries are diverse. This research adopts the identification of the users of University libraries as the classification basis, divides the users as four different types of users: instructors, doctorial students, graduate students, and undergraduate students, then exam how they utilize the substantial and digital library resources, the frequency of the utilizations, why they utilize it, how they emphasize the quality of library services, degrees of satisfactions, and what are the differences between them in order to provide referrals for the resourcedistributions and service improvement of University libraries. The research target is the faculties and students in National Taiwan Normal University, applied questionnaires and semi-constructive interviews to collect data, and gathered total 897 effective questionnaires and 25 interviewees. The questionnaire is base on the universal introduced LibQual+™ scale. The result of library resources utilize shows that the frequency of substantial library utilization of undergraduate students, graduate students, and doctorial students are higher than instructors. All the users have the specific demands on the digital library, the purposes of undergraduate students of utilizing library are school works and leisure activities; as for graduate students and doctorial students, their purposes are school works, academic researches, and leisure activities, and the purposes of instructors are program instructions and academic researches. The undergraduate students mainly utilize the professional and leisure substantial collections, the graduate and doctoral students and instructors otherwise utilize the professional substantial and digital collections. The reasons of utilizing substantial collections are: the paper-collections don’t have electronic versions, the users may not understand if they need the electronic databases or not, the users may not be able to operate the electronic databases, and the specific convenience of the paper collections; as for the digital collections are novel and electronic conveniences. The evaluation of quality of service in library shows that the most valuable and satisfying aspect of quality of service for the users is the environment and space of the library, and the less valuable and satisfying aspect is the electronic collected resources. The aspects that require to be improved the most of the library are the paper collections and facilities. Furthermore, the research discovers that on the five aspects of quality of services in library, every time the user has contact with the librarian would influence the user’s feelings toward the librarian, the accessibility of information, and the novelty, which are the decisive factors of identifying if the collections in the library are sufficient or not. Finally, this research generalizes the opinions and suggestions or the users, and proposes correlated advises.
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