Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/89244
Title: 從碩士論文的文獻回顧現象探究創新閱讀書寫
A Study on the Phenomenon of Thesis' Literature Review to Explore Innovative Writing
Authors: 吳美美
Mei-Mei Wu
唐佩瑾
Pei-Chin Tang
Keywords: 文獻回顧
文獻回顧類型
文獻回顧心智策略
文獻回顧論述邏輯
文獻回顧創新閱讀
Literature review
Types of literature review
Mental strategy for literature
Logic employment of literature review
Issue Date: 2012
Abstract: 文獻回顧表達了文獻間的關聯,以及研究與文獻的關聯,研究者也透過文獻來支持所選定之研究問題的重要性,並說明研究如何銜接和延續先前的研究缺口。在文獻回顧的過程,研究者應該持以批判性的態度,了解文獻的中心概念,並對不同的文獻加以分類和比較,從相關文獻中得到有助於研究的結論,使研究得以與研究領域接軌。本研究的目的希望了解研究者如何建立論證,將相關研究的不同觀點、結論和不同角度的看法整合起來,密切地與自己的研究相關,透過文獻間、以及研究與文獻之間的關聯,來呈現獨特的研究邏輯架構,並為自己的研究定位。進而希望了解文獻的論述、整合與連結,是否激發研究者新的想法或擴充概念,產生文獻閱讀的創新思考與成果。本研究從三個面向來觀察與分析碩士論文文獻回顧的書寫:文獻回顧的類型、文獻整理的心智策略、文獻論證建立的論述邏輯;此外,從文獻回顧書寫的邏輯建立與心智運作,來觀察文獻閱讀是否有創新思想的產生。 研究使用內容分析法,從文獻中整理出四個面向的內涵,建立研究分析類目,並依此構成編碼架構,再對選取之5篇碩士論文進行文獻回顧書寫的內容分析。在研究樣本的選擇上,本研究從中華民國圖書館學會與中華圖書資訊學教育學會,每年共同舉行之「圖書資訊學獎助論文」活動獲獎論文中,以立意取樣,從2007-2011年獲獎論文中選取5篇作為研究分析樣本。文本內容分析之範圍,包含碩士論文之緒論與文獻回顧獨立章節,並以「一主題的討論」為一分析單位,共分析5篇碩士論文文獻回顧、106個分析單元。資料處理方式分為「量」和「質」二方面,在定量的分析上,呈現編碼分析結果之敘述統計,描述5篇案例之文獻回顧類型、心智策略、論述邏輯、以及創新閱讀現象之次數分配情形;在定質的分析上,說明和解釋5篇案例文獻回顧敘寫中,回顧類型、心智策略、論述邏輯之使用方式、相互關係、以及與論述建立之關係,並觀察其中是否有創新閱讀現象之產生。 本研究之研究結果共有五個: (一)在文獻回顧類型上,整體而言以定義型(47/113次)與脈絡型(34/113次)的回顧佔大多數,緒論與文獻回顧獨立章節著重使用的類型不同,而因著每一篇研究著重討論的主題不同,有不同的文獻類型使用分配與豐富度。回顧類型及其使用次數依序為:定義型(47次)、脈絡型(34次)、理論型(10次)、缺口型(6次)、重要型(6次)、方法論型(4次)、實際現況(4次)、歷史型(2次)。 (二)在文獻回顧心智策略上,以「歸納/總結」使用的次數最多,其次為「自己研究立場」,心智策略及其使用次數依序為:「歸納/總結」(53次)、「自己研究立場」(22次)、「分類/歸納」(18次)、「比較」(13次)、「分析/評論」(11次)、「延伸」(3次)。每一篇案例使用的心智策略,在種類與次數的分布上不相同,心智策略的使用,表現出作者對相關文獻的思索與整合,也使文獻的表現有邏輯、有組織性和整合性。 (三)在文獻回顧論述邏輯上,「整合論述」佔大多數,各種論述邏輯以及其使用次數依序為:「整合論述」(59次)、「文獻間缺乏關聯」(11次)、「缺乏回扣論述主題」(9次)、「文獻堆砌」(13次)。然而59次的「整合論述」大多數為案例三~五的回顧段落,表示研究者對於「文獻回顧的認知」,會影響其書寫與組織文獻回顧的方式。文獻回顧內容的組織與整合,表現出作者對文獻的思索程度,也表現出作者如何利用文獻回顧的主題和發現,表現出研究的獨特視角。 (四)在文獻回顧創新閱讀現象上,「重新塑造」(3次)、「新研究概念性架構」(1次) 、「思考層面擴充」(1次)、「帶出研究重要性」(1次)、「指出新的研究缺口」(3次)。理論觀點上的「結合」,可以更充分解釋概念或現象,理論要素的比較、歸納、結合,可擴充概念面向,並且研究者透過反覆檢閱文獻,找出相關理論面向之間的關連,重新建立符合研究目的的概念性架構。研究者從相關文獻中整合並歸結出重要結論,進而能看出延伸的意義,帶出研究的重要性,或者進一步看出新的研究缺口。 (五)文獻回顧的類型、心智策略、論述邏輯三個面向的思考,幫助研究者一步一步建立論述,充分的心智策略使用,以及整合論述的論述邏輯,呈現文獻間的關聯,並將研究定位於學術領域的脈絡中,也作為文獻創新閱讀產生的基礎,促使研究者思想層面擴充,或建立新的研究概念性架構。 本研究整理從案例中觀察到的文獻回顧類型、心智策略、論述邏輯、創新閱讀現象,將對所觀察到的面向加以歸納,並舉案例中的例子加以說明與驗證,最後將觀察與歸納的結果,形成「碩士論文文獻回顧研究編碼表」,供碩士論文撰寫者、教學者參考。
Literature review is a part of thesis, in which researchers render documents andliteratures connections andrelationships, and render the study sufficient connection with the literature reviewed. Researchers should be critical in reading the literatures,understanding the core concepts and being able to compare and classify different literatures; thus, useful points can be draw from the review and the integration between the current study and the existing academic field will be more complete. This study aims to explore the ways the researchers establishing the demonstrations and integrating different existing viewpoints and results of the topic into their own current studies, and the ways the researchers presenting the connection between the current study and the existing literatures. This study further investigates if the establishment of literature review can stimulates the thoughts of the researcher and if the critical reviewing generates innovative results from the literatures. This study observes and analyzes the writing of literature review in master’s theses in three aspects: types of literature review, mental strategies of literature review, and the logic employments in literature review, in addition, observes the generation of new thoughts deriving from the establishing of mental strategy and the employment of logic. The method of content analysis is used in this study, pointing out four dimensions in understanding the formation of literature review, establishing target items, and developing the structure for code sheet, then applies the established framework on the writing of literature review of the selected 5 theses. The results of the study indicates that the major types used in literature review are type of definition (47 times out of a total of 113), and type of context exploration (34 times out of a total of 113). Different types of literature review are utilized for different purposes, for example, types using in the chapter of introduction can be different from other chapters, while based on different focus of the chapters, different types of literature review may be used and the compiling of data is also of quality and quantity. On mental strategies, the most commonly used method is “induction and conclusion”, and the second most used strategy is “the exploration of the situation of the current study”. The choosing of strategy reflects the features of the thoughts of the researchers, and the employment of strategies also render the presentation of the review character of systematic, organized and integrated. The majority of the logic in the literature review is the “integrated discussion”. However, most of the 59 times of the integrated discussion concentrates at parts of literature review in subject 3 to subject 5, representing that the understanding of the researcher on the usage of literature review can affects the way they compose this part of their theses. Therefore,the organization and integration of the literature review is an epitome of the overall thesis and an effective interface for people to know the point contained within. The literature review reflects different ways of critical reading done by the researcher, including reshaping (3 times), introducing innovative conceptual framework (1 time), expansion on the thinking level (1 time) leading out the importance of the study (1 time), pointing out new cut-in point (3 times). The interaction between different theories can explain the concept more completely, and the flexible usage of the methods of compare and contrast, induction, and integration not only can expands the core concept, but also can form a connection and establish a framework suitable for the study through the continuous consulting by the researcher. Researcher benefits from gathering and analyzing related literature, from which obtaining critical results, pointing out the importance of extension or new cut-in point, and finally consolidating the importance of the study. Thinking on the three dimension of the use of literature review including types,mental strategies, and logics, can help the researchers establish the discussion systematically. A better utilization on mental strategy and logic employment can further integrates the various literatures, and situates the current study within the context of the related academic field. Literature review as the foundation of critical reading stimulates the thinking of the researchers and provides assistance on establishing new conceptual framework. This study collects types, mental strategies, logics, and phenomena of critical reading of literature review from the subjects, illustrating with sufficient explanations and examples, and after analyzing the data gathered, proposing the “Code Sheet for Literature Review of Master’s Theses” based on the results of this study, hoping that this sheet can serves as a reference for authors of master’s theses and for advisors.
URI: http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=%22http://etds.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi?o=dstdcdr&s=id=%22GN0695150143%22.&%22.id.&
http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/20.500.12235/89244
Other Identifiers: GN0695150143
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