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Research of the Relationship between College Students' Extracurricular Learning Experience and Their Life Adaptation after Graduation ─ A Case Study of College Alumni
Using 397 alumni who graduated from various universities as the sample of quantitative analysis, this research explores the relationship between college students' extracurricular learning experience and their life adaptation after graduation. It also adopts qualitative interviews to understand how extracurricular learning experience influences their life adaptation after graduation. The major objectives of the research are as follows: 1. to explore the differences of the extracurricular learning experiences of college alumni from different backgrounds; 2. to explore the differences of current life adaptation of college alumni from different backgrounds; 3. to explore the relationship between college alumni's extracurricular learning experience during college and their current life adaptation; 4. to explore the predictive circumstances of college alumni's current life adaptation affected by their extracurricular learning experience during college; 5. to comprehend possible reasons of why college alumni's current life adaptation is affected by their extracurricular learning experience during college; 6. to raise specific and feasible suggestions of students' life adaptation after graduation, according to the research results, for higher education institutions and student affairs departments. Through the study of theoretical framework and literature review, this research divides the extracurricular learning area into 2 aspects: "Environmental Perception of Extracurricular Learning," including material environmental perception, social environmental perception, and systematic environmental perception; and "Extracurricular Involvement in the Learning Field," including teacher-student interaction, student clubs, public affairs, dormitory life, and campus activity proposals. For the measurement of life adaptation, this research applies a self-made "Life Adaptation Scale" as a tool, dividing the life adaptation area into 6 components: job adaptation, family adaptation, interpersonal adaptation, economic adaptation, health adaptation, and leisure adaptation. The research practices data analysis by means of descriptive statistics, independent sample T-test, one-way analysis of variance, correlation analysis, hierarchical regression, and other statistics methods. In addition, it depends on interviews of key cases to understand possible reasons of various dimensional life adaptation after graduation, influenced by extracurricular learning experiences. The major discoveries of this research are summarized as follows: 1. There is no difference of environmental perception of extracurricular learning among all alumni from different backgrounds during college. 2. There is no difference of extracurricular involvement in learning field among most alumni from different backgrounds during college. 3. There is no difference of current life adaptation of most alumni from different backgrounds. 4. There are several differences of current life adaptation of alumni from different current life situations. 5. There is obvious low positive correlation between the college alumni's environmental perceptions of extracurricular learning during college and their current life adaptation. 6. There is over-obvious moderate to low positive correlation between extracurricular involvement in the learning field and their current life adaptation. 7. On the whole, "Environmental Perception of Extracurricular Learning" and "Extracurricular Involvement in the Learning Field" have a greater influence on "Life Adaptation" than the factor "Background Variances" does. 8. The college alumni's extracurricular learning experience during college can be applied to the prediction of their current life adaptation. Furthermore, each component of "Environmental Perception of Extracurricular Learning" and that of "Extracurricular Involvement in the Learning Field" can predict certain dimensions of life adaptation.
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