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A Study on the Role Stress and Coping Strategies of Club Leaders in the Universities of Northern Taiwan
university club leaders
The purpose of the study was to explore the role stress faced by the university club leaders and their coping strategies. It intends to 1) investigate the state of role stress of club leaders 2) look into the condition of their coping strategies 3) examine the variation of role stress in relation to the club leaders’ personal backgrounds and the club characteristics 4) examine the variation of coping strategies in relation to the club leaders’ personal backgrounds and the club characteristics. This study is conducted through “The Questionnaire on the Role Stress and Coping Strategies of Club Leaders in the Universities of Northern Taiwan.” This questionnaire is designed by the researcher, with its study objects spread in 8 universities of Northern Taiwan which is either national or private, including the university of technology. 710 questionnaires have been distributed, and 566 of them are returned as effective samples. The contents of the questionnaire are as follows: Personal& Club Details, Role Stress Scale, Coping Strategies Scale and Open-Ended Questions. All the information above is analyzed via statistics methods including descriptive statistics, T-test, one way ANOVA, etc. Below is the study result: 1. The overall role stress of the club leaders is at medium level. Among the factors, “Role overload” is the most influential, followed by “Role incompetence” and “Role conflict”. “Role Ambiguity” is the least crucial. 2. In the survey of the club leaders’ coping strategies, “Rational Thinking” is the most frequently chosen option, followed by “Problem Solving”, “Emotional Adjustment” and “Support Seeking”. “Procrastination” is the least chosen. 3. The role stress of the club leaders varies significantly in relation to their personal backgrounds as well as the club characteristics. The personal factors include the features of their university, the department the leaders belong to, and the amount of hours they invest into the club each week. As for the club characteristics, the type of the club, the club founding history, the number of the club members, the transferring situation of the previous members to the current ones and the condition the club is presently confronted with all make a significant difference to the degree of the role stress. 4. The coping strategies of the club leaders vary significantly in relation to their personal backgrounds as well as the club characteristics. The personal factors include the features of their university, gender, the amount of hours they invest into studying each week, their part-time working hours per week, and their experiences as club cadres. As for the club characteristics, the club founding history, the number of the club members, the transferring situation of the previous members to the current ones and the condition the club is presently confronted with all make a significant difference to the coping strategies. Based on the conclusions, concrete suggestions will be proposed for future reference for the universities, club counselors, club leaders and further survey.
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