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The purpose of this study was to investigate the professional competency which should be possessed by scout leaders in Kaohsiung-Pingtung area; to realize scout leaders’ needs for the professional development; to compare and analyze the differences how background variables affect the professional development in the perspectives of importance, reality, and needs; finally, to look into the overall related condition of the previous three perspectives. Based upon the study, the practical suggestions are proposed and can be employed as the reference for promoting scout leaders’ professional development. This study was conducted by questionnaire as well as interviews. The questionnaire was preformed among the scout leaders who are practically operating scout groups. It was a self-edited questionnaire of “the needs of scout leaders’ professional development”; Personal interviews were performed among six scout leaders. The quantitative results was analyzed by using “ frequency distribution”, “percentage analysis”, “arithmetic mean”, “standard deviation”, “T test analysis”, “ANOVA”, and “Pearson product-moment correlation” to challenge the hypothesis; For qualitative, it was analyzed from the interview results with their recognition in current status, difficulties, and strategies. The results are demonstrated as below: A. The professional competency which a scout leader should have: I. A scout leader should own professional competency which covered four perspectives of “general educational knowledge”, “professional competency of scout activities”, “professional teaching skills of scout “, and “advanced professional knowledge”. There are 10 areas in “organization management”, “lesson plan”, “communication& negotiation”, “scout theory”, “practical skills”, “consulting & assessment”, “teaching theory”, “teaching implementation”, “professional advance”, “self-growth”. II. The average score for Kaohsiung-Pingtung area scout leaders in recognizing the importance of professional competency is 3.96. In general, they feel it is important. In above perspectives and areas, their answers are between “important” and “very important”. III. The survey varied by genders, positions, scout operating groupsamong Kaohsiung-Pingtung area scout leaders in their recognition of professional competency. B. Kaohsiung-Pingtung area scout leaders’ current self-recognition about their professional competency: I. The average score for Kaohsiung-Pingtung area scout leaders in recognizing the conformance of the professional competency to their practical needs is 3.16. In general, they feel it meets their needs. In above perspectives, their answers are between “match” and “very match”. In above areas, their answers are between “not match” and “very match”. II. Their answers vary significantly by the ages, scout leader service years, scout experience, and scout professional training background C. The needs of professional development for Kaohsiung-Pingtung area scout leaders: I. The average score for Kaohsiung-Pingtung area scout leaders in recognizing the needs of the professional competency development is 3.46. In general, they feel the needs. In above perspectives and areas, their answers to each item are between “required” and “much required”. II. Their answers about the needs for professional development vary significantly by the genders, ages, scout leader service years, scout experience, scout professional training background, the scout operating groups and their locations. D. The correlation of Kaohsiung-Pingtung area scout leaders’ recognition towards the importance of professional competency, conformance of it, and needs of it are: I. The correlation between “the recognition for the importance of professional competency” and “the conformance of professional competency” is positively correlated. Judging by the correlation, it’s a “moderate correlation”. II. The correlation between “the recognition for the importance of professional competency” and “the needs of professional competency” is positively correlated. Judging by the correlation, it’s a “moderate correlation”. III. The correlation between “ the conformance of professional competency” and “ the needs of professional competency” is positively correlated. Judging by the correlation, it’s a “moderate correlation”. The results conducted from the survey will be provided to training institutions, Kaohsiung-Pingtung area scout leader, and also to later researchers for reference and advice.
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