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A Critical Analysis of the Indigenous Cultural Citizenship Construction in Austronesian News
Critical Discourse Analysis
Austronesian News, the first indigenous newspaper that speaks for and as “austronesian peoples” in Taiwan, has its indelible historical meanings. These meanings include: to demonstrate the value of indigenous peoples possessing cultural citizenship, to extend the spirit of indigenous movement in Taiwan, to deconstruct the long-term hegemonic discourse of Han-culture ideology over indigenous peoples, and to reconstruct the speaking position for racial groups. This study uses Fairlough’s critical discourse analysis method with sociology approach, takes post-colonial critical theory into account, and combines with in-depth interviews as research methods. The research disserts issues about Austronesian News such as its development background, social relations, process of production, subject contexts, writing resistance, and dual ideology. The study also investigates how Austronesian News constructs cultural appearances of indigenous groups and carries out indigenous cultural citizenship. Analyzing the discourse structures of Austronesian News, six topics are induced: “constructing group identification of pan-indigenous people”, “to free oneself from the sadness of indigenous movement”, “seeing through the myth of nation”, “using political power of crucial minority of 2%”, “land and economy are material bases for racial autonomy”, and “developing indigens-centered education system and mass media”. Three concepts of cultural citizenship are embedded in these topics: “deconstructing the diverse racial rights given by culture hegemony”, “retrieving autonomy for material resources”, and “performing the special representation of crucial minority”. In addition, from post-colonial point of view, the research examines how Austronesian News presents the multiple colonial situations of indigenous peoples in late 20th- century Taiwan society, and how the newspaper uses writing as cultural resistance, reconstructs knowledge power of colonizers, overturns the political authority of dominators, and takes apart the discourse power of dominant media. Furthermore, as Freire states that oppressors also have dual ideology, the study highlights the need for vested interest holders to deconstruct their cultural hegemonic ideology as oppressors. In other words, indigenous cultural citizenship should be a right of being the main part mutually, not just the explanations of indigenous basic rights. It is the dominant group’s responsibility to hold a new global view to live with indigenous peoples together. Finally, this study disserts the dialectical relations between state politics and the application of pan-indigenous identity statement, the dialectics between indigenous elite perspective and hegemony discourse, and how duality transforms the dual ideology hold by repressors. The researcher emphasizes on the importance of continuing indigenous movement in schools and restates the significant meaning of a newspaper published by indigenous peoples.
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